PHP - Moisture Bricklet

This is the description of the PHP API bindings for the Moisture Bricklet. General information and technical specifications for the Moisture Bricklet are summarized in its hardware description.

An installation guide for the PHP API bindings is part of their general description.

Examples

The example code below is Public Domain (CC0 1.0).

Simple

Download (ExampleSimple.php)

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<?php

require_once('Tinkerforge/IPConnection.php');
require_once('Tinkerforge/BrickletMoisture.php');

use Tinkerforge\IPConnection;
use Tinkerforge\BrickletMoisture;

const HOST = 'localhost';
const PORT = 4223;
const UID = 'XYZ'; // Change XYZ to the UID of your Moisture Bricklet

$ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
$m = new BrickletMoisture(UID, $ipcon); // Create device object

$ipcon->connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
// Don't use device before ipcon is connected

// Get current moisture value
$moisture = $m->getMoistureValue();
echo "Moisture Value: $moisture\n";

echo "Press key to exit\n";
fgetc(fopen('php://stdin', 'r'));
$ipcon->disconnect();

?>

Callback

Download (ExampleCallback.php)

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<?php

require_once('Tinkerforge/IPConnection.php');
require_once('Tinkerforge/BrickletMoisture.php');

use Tinkerforge\IPConnection;
use Tinkerforge\BrickletMoisture;

const HOST = 'localhost';
const PORT = 4223;
const UID = 'XYZ'; // Change XYZ to the UID of your Moisture Bricklet

// Callback function for moisture value callback
function cb_moisture($moisture)
{
    echo "Moisture Value: $moisture\n";
}

$ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
$m = new BrickletMoisture(UID, $ipcon); // Create device object

$ipcon->connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
// Don't use device before ipcon is connected

// Register moisture value callback to function cb_moisture
$m->registerCallback(BrickletMoisture::CALLBACK_MOISTURE, 'cb_moisture');

// Set period for moisture value callback to 1s (1000ms)
// Note: The moisture value callback is only called every second
//       if the moisture value has changed since the last call!
$m->setMoistureCallbackPeriod(1000);

echo "Press ctrl+c to exit\n";
$ipcon->dispatchCallbacks(-1); // Dispatch callbacks forever

?>

Threshold

Download (ExampleThreshold.php)

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<?php

require_once('Tinkerforge/IPConnection.php');
require_once('Tinkerforge/BrickletMoisture.php');

use Tinkerforge\IPConnection;
use Tinkerforge\BrickletMoisture;

const HOST = 'localhost';
const PORT = 4223;
const UID = 'XYZ'; // Change XYZ to the UID of your Moisture Bricklet

// Callback function for moisture value reached callback
function cb_moistureReached($moisture)
{
    echo "Moisture Value: $moisture\n";
}

$ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
$m = new BrickletMoisture(UID, $ipcon); // Create device object

$ipcon->connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
// Don't use device before ipcon is connected

// Get threshold callbacks with a debounce time of 1 second (1000ms)
$m->setDebouncePeriod(1000);

// Register moisture value reached callback to function cb_moistureReached
$m->registerCallback(BrickletMoisture::CALLBACK_MOISTURE_REACHED, 'cb_moistureReached');

// Configure threshold for moisture value "greater than 200"
$m->setMoistureCallbackThreshold('>', 200, 0);

echo "Press ctrl+c to exit\n";
$ipcon->dispatchCallbacks(-1); // Dispatch callbacks forever

?>

API

Functions that return multiple values return them in an associative array.

Basic Functions

class BrickletMoisture(string $uid, IPConnection $ipcon)

Creates an object with the unique device ID $uid:

<?php   $moisture = new BrickletMoisture('YOUR_DEVICE_UID', $ipcon);   ?>

This object can then be used after the IP Connection is connected (see examples above).

int BrickletMoisture::getMoistureValue()

Returns the current moisture value. The value has a range of 0 to 4095. A small value corresponds to little moisture, a big value corresponds to much moisture.

If you want to get the moisture value periodically, it is recommended to use the CALLBACK_MOISTURE callback and set the period with setMoistureCallbackPeriod().

Advanced Functions

void BrickletMoisture::setMovingAverage(int $average)

Sets the length of a moving averaging for the moisture value.

Setting the length to 0 will turn the averaging completely off. With less averaging, there is more noise on the data.

The range for the averaging is 0-100.

The default value is 100.

int BrickletMoisture::getMovingAverage()

Returns the length moving average as set by setMovingAverage().

array BrickletMoisture::getAPIVersion()

Returns the version of the API definition (major, minor, revision) implemented by this API bindings. This is neither the release version of this API bindings nor does it tell you anything about the represented Brick or Bricklet.

bool BrickletMoisture::getResponseExpected(int $function_id)

Returns the response expected flag for the function specified by the function ID parameter. It is true if the function is expected to send a response, false otherwise.

For getter functions this is enabled by default and cannot be disabled, because those functions will always send a response. For callback configuration functions it is enabled by default too, but can be disabled by setResponseExpected(). For setter functions it is disabled by default and can be enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

See setResponseExpected() for the list of function ID constants available for this function.

void BrickletMoisture::setResponseExpected(int $function_id, bool $response_expected)

Changes the response expected flag of the function specified by the function ID parameter. This flag can only be changed for setter (default value: false) and callback configuration functions (default value: true). For getter functions it is always enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following function ID constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletMoisture::FUNCTION_SET_MOISTURE_CALLBACK_PERIOD = 2
  • BrickletMoisture::FUNCTION_SET_MOISTURE_CALLBACK_THRESHOLD = 4
  • BrickletMoisture::FUNCTION_SET_DEBOUNCE_PERIOD = 6
  • BrickletMoisture::FUNCTION_SET_MOVING_AVERAGE = 10
void BrickletMoisture::setResponseExpectedAll(bool $response_expected)

Changes the response expected flag for all setter and callback configuration functions of this device at once.

array BrickletMoisture::getIdentity()

Returns the UID, the UID where the Bricklet is connected to, the position, the hardware and firmware version as well as the device identifier.

The position can be 'a', 'b', 'c' or 'd'.

The device identifier numbers can be found here. There is also a constant for the device identifier of this Bricklet.

The returned array has the keys uid, connected_uid, position, hardware_version, firmware_version and device_identifier.

Callback Configuration Functions

void BrickletMoisture::registerCallback(int $callback_id, callable $callback, mixed $user_data=NULL)

Registers the given $function with the given $callback_id. The optional $user_data will be passed as the last parameter to the function.

The available callback IDs with corresponding function signatures are listed below.

void BrickletMoisture::setMoistureCallbackPeriod(int $period)

Sets the period in ms with which the CALLBACK_MOISTURE callback is triggered periodically. A value of 0 turns the callback off.

The CALLBACK_MOISTURE callback is only triggered if the moisture value has changed since the last triggering.

The default value is 0.

int BrickletMoisture::getMoistureCallbackPeriod()

Returns the period as set by setMoistureCallbackPeriod().

void BrickletMoisture::setMoistureCallbackThreshold(string $option, int $min, int $max)

Sets the thresholds for the CALLBACK_MOISTURE_REACHED callback.

The following options are possible:

Option Description
'x' Callback is turned off
'o' Callback is triggered when the moisture value is outside the min and max values
'i' Callback is triggered when the moisture value is inside the min and max values
'<' Callback is triggered when the moisture value is smaller than the min value (max is ignored)
'>' Callback is triggered when the moisture value is greater than the min value (max is ignored)

The default value is ('x', 0, 0).

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletMoisture::THRESHOLD_OPTION_OFF = 'x'
  • BrickletMoisture::THRESHOLD_OPTION_OUTSIDE = 'o'
  • BrickletMoisture::THRESHOLD_OPTION_INSIDE = 'i'
  • BrickletMoisture::THRESHOLD_OPTION_SMALLER = '<'
  • BrickletMoisture::THRESHOLD_OPTION_GREATER = '>'
array BrickletMoisture::getMoistureCallbackThreshold()

Returns the threshold as set by setMoistureCallbackThreshold().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletMoisture::THRESHOLD_OPTION_OFF = 'x'
  • BrickletMoisture::THRESHOLD_OPTION_OUTSIDE = 'o'
  • BrickletMoisture::THRESHOLD_OPTION_INSIDE = 'i'
  • BrickletMoisture::THRESHOLD_OPTION_SMALLER = '<'
  • BrickletMoisture::THRESHOLD_OPTION_GREATER = '>'

The returned array has the keys option, min and max.

void BrickletMoisture::setDebouncePeriod(int $debounce)

Sets the period in ms with which the threshold callback

is triggered, if the threshold

keeps being reached.

The default value is 100.

int BrickletMoisture::getDebouncePeriod()

Returns the debounce period as set by setDebouncePeriod().

Callbacks

Callbacks can be registered to receive time critical or recurring data from the device. The registration is done with the registerCallback() function of the device object. The first parameter is the callback ID and the second parameter the callback function:

<?php

function myCallback($param)
{
    echo $param . "\n";
}

$moisture->registerCallback(BrickletMoisture::CALLBACK_EXAMPLE, 'myCallback');

?>

The available constants with corresponding function signatures are described below.

Note

Using callbacks for recurring events is always preferred compared to using getters. It will use less USB bandwidth and the latency will be a lot better, since there is no round trip time.

int BrickletMoisture::CALLBACK_MOISTURE
<?php   void callback(int $moisture [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is triggered periodically with the period that is set by setMoistureCallbackPeriod(). The parameter is the moisture value of the sensor.

The CALLBACK_MOISTURE callback is only triggered if the moisture value has changed since the last triggering.

int BrickletMoisture::CALLBACK_MOISTURE_REACHED
<?php   void callback(int $moisture [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is triggered when the threshold as set by setMoistureCallbackThreshold() is reached. The parameter is the moisture value of the sensor.

If the threshold keeps being reached, the callback is triggered periodically with the period as set by setDebouncePeriod().

Constants

int BrickletMoisture::DEVICE_IDENTIFIER

This constant is used to identify a Moisture Bricklet.

The getIdentity() function and the CALLBACK_ENUMERATE callback of the IP Connection have a deviceIdentifier parameter to specify the Brick's or Bricklet's type.

string BrickletMoisture::DEVICE_DISPLAY_NAME

This constant represents the human readable name of a Moisture Bricklet.