PHP - RS485 Bricklet

This is the description of the PHP API bindings for the RS485 Bricklet. General information and technical specifications for the RS485 Bricklet are summarized in its hardware description.

An installation guide for the PHP API bindings is part of their general description.

Examples

The example code below is Public Domain (CC0 1.0).

Loopback

Download (ExampleLoopback.php)

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<?php

// For this example connect the RX+/- pins to TX+/- pins on the same Bricklet
// and configure the DIP switch on the Bricklet to full-duplex mode

require_once('Tinkerforge/IPConnection.php');
require_once('Tinkerforge/BrickletRS485.php');

use Tinkerforge\IPConnection;
use Tinkerforge\BrickletRS485;

const HOST = 'localhost';
const PORT = 4223;
const UID = 'XYZ'; // Change XYZ to the UID of your RS485 Bricklet

// Callback function for read callback
function cb_read($message)
{
    echo "Message: \"" . implode('', $message) . "\"\n";
}

$ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
$rs485 = new BrickletRS485(UID, $ipcon); // Create device object

$ipcon->connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
// Don't use device before ipcon is connected

// Enable full-duplex mode
$rs485->setRS485Configuration(115200, BrickletRS485::PARITY_NONE,
                              BrickletRS485::STOPBITS_1, BrickletRS485::WORDLENGTH_8,
                              BrickletRS485::DUPLEX_FULL);

// Register read callback to function cb_read
$rs485->registerCallback(BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_READ, 'cb_read');

// Enable read callback
$rs485->enableReadCallback();

# Write "test" string
$rs485->write(str_split('test'));

echo "Press ctrl+c to exit\n";
$ipcon->dispatchCallbacks(-1); // Dispatch callbacks forever

?>

Modbus Master

Download (ExampleModbusMaster.php)

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<?php

require_once('Tinkerforge/IPConnection.php');
require_once('Tinkerforge/BrickletRS485.php');

use Tinkerforge\IPConnection;
use Tinkerforge\BrickletRS485;

const HOST = 'localhost';
const PORT = 4223;
const UID = 'XYZ'; // Change XYZ to the UID of your RS485 Bricklet

$expected_request_id = 0;

// Callback function for Modbus master write single register response callback
function cb_modbusMasterWriteSingleRegisterResponse($request_id, $exception_code)
{
    echo "Request ID: $request_id\n";
    echo "Exception Code: $exception_code\n";

    if ($request_id != $GLOBALS['expected_request_id'])
    {
        echo "Error: Unexpected request ID";
    }
}

$ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
$rs485 = new BrickletRS485(UID, $ipcon); // Create device object

$ipcon->connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
// Don't use device before ipcon is connected

// Set operating mode to Modbus RTU master
$rs485->setMode(BrickletRS485::MODE_MODBUS_MASTER_RTU);

// Modbus specific configuration:
// - slave address = 1 (unused in master mode)
// - master request timeout = 1000ms
$rs485->setModbusConfiguration(1, 1000);

// Register Modbus master write single register response callback to function
// cb_modbusMasterWriteSingleRegisterResponse
$rs485->registerCallback(BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_WRITE_SINGLE_REGISTER_RESPONSE,
                         'cb_modbusMasterWriteSingleRegisterResponse');

// Write 65535 to register 42 of slave 17
$expected_request_id = $rs485->modbusMasterWriteSingleRegister(17, 42, 65535);

echo "Press ctrl+c to exit\n";
$ipcon->dispatchCallbacks(-1); // Dispatch callbacks forever

?>

Modbus Slave

Download (ExampleModbusSlave.php)

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<?php

require_once('Tinkerforge/IPConnection.php');
require_once('Tinkerforge/BrickletRS485.php');

use Tinkerforge\IPConnection;
use Tinkerforge\BrickletRS485;

const HOST = 'localhost';
const PORT = 4223;
const UID = 'XYZ'; // Change XYZ to the UID of your RS485 Bricklet

// Callback function for Modbus slave write single register request callback
function cb_modbusSlaveWriteSingleRegisterRequest($request_id, $register_address,
                                                  $register_value, $user_data)
{
    $rs485 = $user_data;

    echo "Request ID: $request_id\n";
    echo "Register Address: $register_address\n";
    echo "Register Value: $register_value\n";

    if ($register_address != 42) {
        echo "Requested invalid register address\n";
        $rs485->modbusSlaveReportException($request_id, BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_ADDRESS);
    } else {
        $rs485->modbusSlaveAnswerWriteSingleRegisterRequest($request_id);
    }
}

$ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
$rs485 = new BrickletRS485(UID, $ipcon); // Create device object

$ipcon->connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
// Don't use device before ipcon is connected

// Set operating mode to Modbus RTU slave
$rs485->setMode(BrickletRS485::MODE_MODBUS_SLAVE_RTU);

// Modbus specific configuration:
// - slave address = 17
// - master request timeout = 0ms (unused in slave mode)
$rs485->setModbusConfiguration(17, 0);

// Register Modbus slave write single register request callback to function
// cb_modbusSlaveWriteSingleRegisterRequest
$rs485->registerCallback(BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_WRITE_SINGLE_REGISTER_REQUEST,
                         'cb_modbusSlaveWriteSingleRegisterRequest', $rs485);

echo "Press ctrl+c to exit\n";
$ipcon->dispatchCallbacks(-1); // Dispatch callbacks forever

?>

API

Functions that return multiple values return them in an associative array.

Basic Functions

class BrickletRS485(string $uid, IPConnection $ipcon)

Creates an object with the unique device ID $uid:

<?php   $rs485 = new BrickletRS485('YOUR_DEVICE_UID', $ipcon);   ?>

This object can then be used after the IP Connection is connected (see examples above).

int BrickletRS485::write(array $message)

Writes characters to the RS485 interface. The characters can be binary data, ASCII or similar is not necessary.

The return value is the number of characters that were written.

See setRS485Configuration() for configuration possibilities regarding baudrate, parity and so on.

array BrickletRS485::read(int $length)

Returns up to length characters from receive buffer.

Instead of polling with this function, you can also use callbacks. But note that this function will return available data only when the read callback is disabled. See enableReadCallback() and CALLBACK_READ callback.

void BrickletRS485::setRS485Configuration(int $baudrate, int $parity, int $stopbits, int $wordlength, int $duplex)

Sets the configuration for the RS485 communication. Available options:

  • Baudrate between 100 and 2000000 baud.
  • Parity of none, odd or even.
  • Stopbits can be 1 or 2.
  • Word length of 5 to 8.
  • Half- or Full-Duplex.

The default is: 115200 baud, parity none, 1 stop bit, word length 8, half duplex.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::PARITY_NONE = 0
  • BrickletRS485::PARITY_ODD = 1
  • BrickletRS485::PARITY_EVEN = 2
  • BrickletRS485::STOPBITS_1 = 1
  • BrickletRS485::STOPBITS_2 = 2
  • BrickletRS485::WORDLENGTH_5 = 5
  • BrickletRS485::WORDLENGTH_6 = 6
  • BrickletRS485::WORDLENGTH_7 = 7
  • BrickletRS485::WORDLENGTH_8 = 8
  • BrickletRS485::DUPLEX_HALF = 0
  • BrickletRS485::DUPLEX_FULL = 1
array BrickletRS485::getRS485Configuration()

Returns the configuration as set by setRS485Configuration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::PARITY_NONE = 0
  • BrickletRS485::PARITY_ODD = 1
  • BrickletRS485::PARITY_EVEN = 2
  • BrickletRS485::STOPBITS_1 = 1
  • BrickletRS485::STOPBITS_2 = 2
  • BrickletRS485::WORDLENGTH_5 = 5
  • BrickletRS485::WORDLENGTH_6 = 6
  • BrickletRS485::WORDLENGTH_7 = 7
  • BrickletRS485::WORDLENGTH_8 = 8
  • BrickletRS485::DUPLEX_HALF = 0
  • BrickletRS485::DUPLEX_FULL = 1

The returned array has the keys baudrate, parity, stopbits, wordlength and duplex.

void BrickletRS485::setModbusConfiguration(int $slave_address, int $master_request_timeout)

Sets the configuration for the RS485 Modbus communication. Available options:

  • Slave Address: Address to be used as the Modbus slave address in Modbus slave mode. Valid Modbus slave address range is 1 to 247.
  • Master Request Timeout: Specifies how long the master should wait for a response from a slave in milliseconds when in Modbus master mode.

The default is: Slave Address = 1 and Master Request Timeout = 1000 milliseconds (1 second).

array BrickletRS485::getModbusConfiguration()

Returns the configuration as set by setModbusConfiguration().

The returned array has the keys slave_address and master_request_timeout.

void BrickletRS485::setMode(int $mode)

Sets the mode of the Bricklet in which it operates. Available options are

  • RS485,
  • Modbus Master RTU and
  • Modbus Slave RTU.

The default is: RS485 mode.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::MODE_RS485 = 0
  • BrickletRS485::MODE_MODBUS_MASTER_RTU = 1
  • BrickletRS485::MODE_MODBUS_SLAVE_RTU = 2
int BrickletRS485::getMode()

Returns the configuration as set by setMode().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::MODE_RS485 = 0
  • BrickletRS485::MODE_MODBUS_MASTER_RTU = 1
  • BrickletRS485::MODE_MODBUS_SLAVE_RTU = 2

Advanced Functions

void BrickletRS485::setCommunicationLEDConfig(int $config)

Sets the communication LED configuration. By default the LED shows RS485 communication traffic by flickering.

You can also turn the LED permanently on/off or show a heartbeat.

If the Bricklet is in bootloader mode, the LED is off.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletRS485::COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletRS485::COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletRS485::COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_COMMUNICATION = 3
int BrickletRS485::getCommunicationLEDConfig()

Returns the configuration as set by setCommunicationLEDConfig()

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletRS485::COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletRS485::COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletRS485::COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_COMMUNICATION = 3
void BrickletRS485::setErrorLEDConfig(int $config)

Sets the error LED configuration.

By default the error LED turns on if there is any error (see CALLBACK_ERROR_COUNT callback). If you call this function with the SHOW ERROR option again, the LED will turn off until the next error occurs.

You can also turn the LED permanently on/off or show a heartbeat.

If the Bricklet is in bootloader mode, the LED is off.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::ERROR_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletRS485::ERROR_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletRS485::ERROR_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletRS485::ERROR_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_ERROR = 3
int BrickletRS485::getErrorLEDConfig()

Returns the configuration as set by setErrorLEDConfig().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::ERROR_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletRS485::ERROR_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletRS485::ERROR_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletRS485::ERROR_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_ERROR = 3
void BrickletRS485::setBufferConfig(int $send_buffer_size, int $receive_buffer_size)

Sets the send and receive buffer size in byte. In sum there is 10240 byte (10kb) buffer available and the minimum buffer size is 1024 byte (1kb) for both.

The current buffer content is lost if this function is called.

The send buffer holds data that was given by write() and could not be written yet. The receive buffer holds data that is received through RS485 but could not yet be send to the user, either by read() or through CALLBACK_READ callback.

The default configuration is 5120 byte (5kb) per buffer.

array BrickletRS485::getBufferConfig()

Returns the buffer configuration as set by setBufferConfig().

The returned array has the keys send_buffer_size and receive_buffer_size.

array BrickletRS485::getBufferStatus()

Returns the currently used bytes for the send and received buffer.

See setBufferConfig() for buffer size configuration.

The returned array has the keys send_buffer_used and receive_buffer_used.

array BrickletRS485::getErrorCount()

Returns the current number of overrun and parity errors.

The returned array has the keys overrun_error_count and parity_error_count.

array BrickletRS485::getModbusCommonErrorCount()

Returns the current number of errors occurred in Modbus mode.

  • Timeout Error Count: Number of timeouts occurred.
  • Checksum Error Count: Number of failures due to Modbus frame CRC16 checksum mismatch.
  • Frame Too Big Error Count: Number of times frames were rejected because they exceeded maximum Modbus frame size which is 256 bytes.
  • Illegal Function Error Count: Number of errors when an unimplemented or illegal function is requested. This corresponds to Modbus exception code 1.
  • Illegal Data Address Error Count: Number of errors due to invalid data address. This corresponds to Modbus exception code 2.
  • Illegal Data Value Error Count: Number of errors due to invalid data value. This corresponds to Modbus exception code 3.
  • Slave Device Failure Error Count: Number of errors occurred on the slave device which were unrecoverable. This corresponds to Modbus exception code 4.

The returned array has the keys timeout_error_count, checksum_error_count, frame_too_big_error_count, illegal_function_error_count, illegal_data_address_error_count, illegal_data_value_error_count and slave_device_failure_error_count.

void BrickletRS485::modbusSlaveReportException(int $request_id, int $exception_code)

In Modbus slave mode this function can be used to report a Modbus exception for a Modbus master request.

  • Request ID: Request ID of the request received by the slave.
  • Exception Code: Modbus exception code to report to the Modbus master.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_TIMEOUT = -1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SUCCESS = 0
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_FUNCTION = 1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_ADDRESS = 2
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_VALUE = 3
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_FAILURE = 4
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ACKNOWLEDGE = 5
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_BUSY = 6
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_MEMORY_PARITY_ERROR = 8
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_PATH_UNAVAILABLE = 10
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_TARGET_DEVICE_FAILED_TO_RESPOND = 11
void BrickletRS485::modbusSlaveAnswerReadCoilsRequest(int $request_id, array $coils)

In Modbus slave mode this function can be used to answer a master request to read coils.

  • Request ID: Request ID of the corresponding request that is being answered.
  • Coils: Data that is to be sent to the Modbus master for the corresponding request.

This function must be called from the CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_READ_COILS_REQUEST callback with the Request ID as provided by the argument of the callback.

int BrickletRS485::modbusMasterReadCoils(int $slave_address, int $starting_address, int $count)

In Modbus master mode this function can be used to read coils from a slave. This function creates a Modbus function code 1 request.

  • Slave Address: Address of the target Modbus slave.
  • Starting Address: Starting address of the read.
  • Count: Number of coils to read.

Upon success the function will return a non-zero request ID which will represent the current request initiated by the Modbus master. In case of failure the returned request ID will be 0.

When successful this function will also invoke the CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_READ_COILS_RESPONSE callback. In this callback the Request ID provided by the callback argument must be matched with the Request ID returned from this function to verify that the callback is indeed for a particular request.

void BrickletRS485::modbusSlaveAnswerReadHoldingRegistersRequest(int $request_id, array $holding_registers)

In Modbus slave mode this function can be used to answer a master request to read holding registers.

  • Request ID: Request ID of the corresponding request that is being answered.
  • Holding Registers: Data that is to be sent to the Modbus master for the corresponding request.

This function must be called from the CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_READ_HOLDING_REGISTERS_REQUEST callback with the Request ID as provided by the argument of the callback.

int BrickletRS485::modbusMasterReadHoldingRegisters(int $slave_address, int $starting_address, int $count)

In Modbus master mode this function can be used to read holding registers from a slave. This function creates a Modbus function code 3 request.

  • Slave Address: Address of the target Modbus slave.
  • Starting Address: Starting address of the read.
  • Count: Number of holding registers to read.

Upon success the function will return a non-zero request ID which will represent the current request initiated by the Modbus master. In case of failure the returned request ID will be 0.

When successful this function will also invoke the CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_READ_HOLDING_REGISTERS_RESPONSE callback. In this callback the Request ID provided by the callback argument must be matched with the Request ID returned from this function to verify that the callback is indeed for a particular request.

void BrickletRS485::modbusSlaveAnswerWriteSingleCoilRequest(int $request_id)

In Modbus slave mode this function can be used to answer a master request to write a single coil.

  • Request ID: Request ID of the corresponding request that is being answered.

This function must be called from the CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_WRITE_SINGLE_COIL_REQUEST callback with the Request ID as provided by the arguments of the callback.

int BrickletRS485::modbusMasterWriteSingleCoil(int $slave_address, int $coil_address, bool $coil_value)

In Modbus master mode this function can be used to write a single coil of a slave. This function creates a Modbus function code 5 request.

  • Slave Address: Address of the target Modbus slave.
  • Coil Address: Address of the coil.
  • Coil Value: Value to be written.

Upon success the function will return a non-zero request ID which will represent the current request initiated by the Modbus master. In case of failure the returned request ID will be 0.

When successful this function will also invoke the CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_WRITE_SINGLE_COIL_RESPONSE callback. In this callback the Request ID provided by the callback argument must be matched with the Request ID returned from this function to verify that the callback is indeed for a particular request.

void BrickletRS485::modbusSlaveAnswerWriteSingleRegisterRequest(int $request_id)

In Modbus slave mode this function can be used to answer a master request to write a single register.

  • Request ID: Request ID of the corresponding request that is being answered.

This function must be called from the CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_WRITE_SINGLE_REGISTER_REQUEST callback with the Request ID, Register Address and Register Value as provided by the arguments of the callback.

int BrickletRS485::modbusMasterWriteSingleRegister(int $slave_address, int $register_address, int $register_value)

In Modbus master mode this function can be used to write a single register of a slave. This function creates a Modbus function code 6 request.

  • Slave Address: Address of the target Modbus slave.
  • Register Address: Address of the register.
  • Register Value: Value to be written.

Upon success the function will return a non-zero request ID which will represent the current request initiated by the Modbus master. In case of failure the returned request ID will be 0.

When successful this function will also invoke the CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_WRITE_SINGLE_REGISTER_RESPONSE callback. In this callback the Request ID provided by the callback argument must be matched with the Request ID returned from this function to verify that the callback is indeed for a particular request.

void BrickletRS485::modbusSlaveAnswerWriteMultipleCoilsRequest(int $request_id)

In Modbus slave mode this function can be used to answer a master request to write multiple coils.

  • Request ID: Request ID of the corresponding request that is being answered.

This function must be called from the CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_WRITE_MULTIPLE_COILS_REQUEST callback with the Request ID of the callback.

int BrickletRS485::modbusMasterWriteMultipleCoils(int $slave_address, int $starting_address, array $coils)

In Modbus master mode this function can be used to write multiple coils of a slave. This function creates a Modbus function code 15 request.

  • Slave Address: Address of the target Modbus slave.
  • Starting Address: Starting address of the write.

Upon success the function will return a non-zero request ID which will represent the current request initiated by the Modbus master. In case of failure the returned request ID will be 0.

When successful this function will also invoke the CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_WRITE_MULTIPLE_COILS_RESPONSE callback. In this callback the Request ID provided by the callback argument must be matched with the Request ID returned from this function to verify that the callback is indeed for a particular request.

void BrickletRS485::modbusSlaveAnswerWriteMultipleRegistersRequest(int $request_id)

In Modbus slave mode this function can be used to answer a master request to write multiple registers.

  • Request ID: Request ID of the corresponding request that is being answered.

This function must be called from the CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_WRITE_MULTIPLE_REGISTERS_REQUEST callback with the Request ID of the callback.

int BrickletRS485::modbusMasterWriteMultipleRegisters(int $slave_address, int $starting_address, array $registers)

In Modbus master mode this function can be used to write multiple registers of a slave. This function creates a Modbus function code 16 request.

  • Slave Address: Address of the target Modbus slave.
  • Starting Address: Starting Address of the write.

Upon success the function will return a non-zero request ID which will represent the current request initiated by the Modbus master. In case of failure the returned request ID will be 0.

When successful this function will also invoke the CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_WRITE_MULTIPLE_REGISTERS_RESPONSE callback. In this callback the Request ID provided by the callback argument must be matched with the Request ID returned from this function to verify that the callback is indeed for a particular request.

void BrickletRS485::modbusSlaveAnswerReadDiscreteInputsRequest(int $request_id, array $discrete_inputs)

In Modbus slave mode this function can be used to answer a master request to read discrete inputs.

  • Request ID: Request ID of the corresponding request that is being answered.
  • Discrete Inputs: Data that is to be sent to the Modbus master for the corresponding request.

This function must be called from the CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_READ_DISCRETE_INPUTS_REQUEST callback with the Request ID as provided by the argument of the callback.

int BrickletRS485::modbusMasterReadDiscreteInputs(int $slave_address, int $starting_address, int $count)

In Modbus master mode this function can be used to read discrete inputs from a slave. This function creates a Modbus function code 2 request.

  • Slave Address: Address of the target Modbus slave.
  • Starting Address: Starting address of the read.
  • Count: Number of discrete inputs to read.

Upon success the function will return a non-zero request ID which will represent the current request initiated by the Modbus master. In case of failure the returned request ID will be 0.

When successful this function will also invoke the CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_READ_DISCRETE_INPUTS_RESPONSE callback. In this callback the Request ID provided by the callback argument must be matched with the Request ID returned from this function to verify that the callback is indeed for a particular request.

void BrickletRS485::modbusSlaveAnswerReadInputRegistersRequest(int $request_id, array $input_registers)

In Modbus slave mode this function can be used to answer a master request to read input registers.

  • Request ID: Request ID of the corresponding request that is being answered.
  • Input Registers: Data that is to be sent to the Modbus master for the corresponding request.

This function must be called from the CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_READ_INPUT_REGISTERS_REQUEST callback with the Request ID as provided by the argument of the callback.

int BrickletRS485::modbusMasterReadInputRegisters(int $slave_address, int $starting_address, int $count)

In Modbus master mode this function can be used to read input registers from a slave. This function creates a Modbus function code 4 request.

  • Slave Address: Address of the target Modbus slave.
  • Starting Address: Starting address of the read.
  • Count: Number of input registers to read.

Upon success the function will return a non-zero request ID which will represent the current request initiated by the Modbus master. In case of failure the returned request ID will be 0.

When successful this function will also invoke the CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_READ_INPUT_REGISTERS_RESPONSE callback. In this callback the Request ID provided by the callback argument must be matched with the Request ID returned from this function to verify that the callback is indeed for a particular request.

array BrickletRS485::getAPIVersion()

Returns the version of the API definition (major, minor, revision) implemented by this API bindings. This is neither the release version of this API bindings nor does it tell you anything about the represented Brick or Bricklet.

bool BrickletRS485::getResponseExpected(int $function_id)

Returns the response expected flag for the function specified by the function ID parameter. It is true if the function is expected to send a response, false otherwise.

For getter functions this is enabled by default and cannot be disabled, because those functions will always send a response. For callback configuration functions it is enabled by default too, but can be disabled by setResponseExpected(). For setter functions it is disabled by default and can be enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

See setResponseExpected() for the list of function ID constants available for this function.

void BrickletRS485::setResponseExpected(int $function_id, bool $response_expected)

Changes the response expected flag of the function specified by the function ID parameter. This flag can only be changed for setter (default value: false) and callback configuration functions (default value: true). For getter functions it is always enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following function ID constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_ENABLE_READ_CALLBACK = 3
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_DISABLE_READ_CALLBACK = 4
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_SET_RS485_CONFIGURATION = 6
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_SET_MODBUS_CONFIGURATION = 8
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_SET_MODE = 10
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_SET_COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG = 12
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_SET_ERROR_LED_CONFIG = 14
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_SET_BUFFER_CONFIG = 16
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_ENABLE_ERROR_COUNT_CALLBACK = 19
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_DISABLE_ERROR_COUNT_CALLBACK = 20
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_MODBUS_SLAVE_REPORT_EXCEPTION = 24
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_MODBUS_SLAVE_ANSWER_READ_COILS_REQUEST = 25
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_MODBUS_SLAVE_ANSWER_READ_HOLDING_REGISTERS_REQUEST = 27
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_MODBUS_SLAVE_ANSWER_WRITE_SINGLE_COIL_REQUEST = 29
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_MODBUS_SLAVE_ANSWER_WRITE_SINGLE_REGISTER_REQUEST = 31
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_MODBUS_SLAVE_ANSWER_WRITE_MULTIPLE_COILS_REQUEST = 33
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_MODBUS_SLAVE_ANSWER_WRITE_MULTIPLE_REGISTERS_REQUEST = 35
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_MODBUS_SLAVE_ANSWER_READ_DISCRETE_INPUTS_REQUEST = 37
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_MODBUS_SLAVE_ANSWER_READ_INPUT_REGISTERS_REQUEST = 39
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_SET_WRITE_FIRMWARE_POINTER = 237
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_SET_STATUS_LED_CONFIG = 239
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_RESET = 243
  • BrickletRS485::FUNCTION_WRITE_UID = 248
void BrickletRS485::setResponseExpectedAll(bool $response_expected)

Changes the response expected flag for all setter and callback configuration functions of this device at once.

array BrickletRS485::getSPITFPErrorCount()

Returns the error count for the communication between Brick and Bricklet.

The errors are divided into

  • ACK checksum errors,
  • message checksum errors,
  • framing errors and
  • overflow errors.

The errors counts are for errors that occur on the Bricklet side. All Bricks have a similar function that returns the errors on the Brick side.

The returned array has the keys error_count_ack_checksum, error_count_message_checksum, error_count_frame and error_count_overflow.

int BrickletRS485::setBootloaderMode(int $mode)

Sets the bootloader mode and returns the status after the requested mode change was instigated.

You can change from bootloader mode to firmware mode and vice versa. A change from bootloader mode to firmware mode will only take place if the entry function, device identifier and CRC are present and correct.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 2
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 3
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_ERASE_AND_REBOOT = 4
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_STATUS_OK = 0
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_STATUS_INVALID_MODE = 1
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_STATUS_NO_CHANGE = 2
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_STATUS_ENTRY_FUNCTION_NOT_PRESENT = 3
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_STATUS_DEVICE_IDENTIFIER_INCORRECT = 4
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_STATUS_CRC_MISMATCH = 5
int BrickletRS485::getBootloaderMode()

Returns the current bootloader mode, see setBootloaderMode().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 2
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 3
  • BrickletRS485::BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_ERASE_AND_REBOOT = 4
void BrickletRS485::setWriteFirmwarePointer(int $pointer)

Sets the firmware pointer for writeFirmware(). The pointer has to be increased by chunks of size 64. The data is written to flash every 4 chunks (which equals to one page of size 256).

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

int BrickletRS485::writeFirmware(array $data)

Writes 64 Bytes of firmware at the position as written by setWriteFirmwarePointer() before. The firmware is written to flash every 4 chunks.

You can only write firmware in bootloader mode.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

void BrickletRS485::setStatusLEDConfig(int $config)

Sets the status LED configuration. By default the LED shows communication traffic between Brick and Bricklet, it flickers once for every 10 received data packets.

You can also turn the LED permanently on/off or show a heartbeat.

If the Bricklet is in bootloader mode, the LED is will show heartbeat by default.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::STATUS_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletRS485::STATUS_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletRS485::STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletRS485::STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_STATUS = 3
int BrickletRS485::getStatusLEDConfig()

Returns the configuration as set by setStatusLEDConfig()

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::STATUS_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletRS485::STATUS_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletRS485::STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletRS485::STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_STATUS = 3
int BrickletRS485::getChipTemperature()

Returns the temperature in °C as measured inside the microcontroller. The value returned is not the ambient temperature!

The temperature is only proportional to the real temperature and it has bad accuracy. Practically it is only useful as an indicator for temperature changes.

void BrickletRS485::reset()

Calling this function will reset the Bricklet. All configurations will be lost.

After a reset you have to create new device objects, calling functions on the existing ones will result in undefined behavior!

void BrickletRS485::writeUID(int $uid)

Writes a new UID into flash. If you want to set a new UID you have to decode the Base58 encoded UID string into an integer first.

We recommend that you use Brick Viewer to change the UID.

int BrickletRS485::readUID()

Returns the current UID as an integer. Encode as Base58 to get the usual string version.

array BrickletRS485::getIdentity()

Returns the UID, the UID where the Bricklet is connected to, the position, the hardware and firmware version as well as the device identifier.

The position can be 'a', 'b', 'c' or 'd'.

The device identifier numbers can be found here. There is also a constant for the device identifier of this Bricklet.

The returned array has the keys uid, connected_uid, position, hardware_version, firmware_version and device_identifier.

Callback Configuration Functions

void BrickletRS485::registerCallback(int $callback_id, callable $callback, mixed $user_data=NULL)

Registers the given $function with the given $callback_id. The optional $user_data will be passed as the last parameter to the function.

The available callback IDs with corresponding function signatures are listed below.

void BrickletRS485::enableReadCallback()

Enables the CALLBACK_READ callback.

By default the callback is disabled.

void BrickletRS485::disableReadCallback()

Disables the CALLBACK_READ callback.

By default the callback is disabled.

bool BrickletRS485::isReadCallbackEnabled()

Returns true if the CALLBACK_READ callback is enabled, false otherwise.

void BrickletRS485::enableErrorCountCallback()

Enables the CALLBACK_ERROR_COUNT callback.

By default the callback is disabled.

void BrickletRS485::disableErrorCountCallback()

Disables the CALLBACK_ERROR_COUNT callback.

By default the callback is disabled.

bool BrickletRS485::isErrorCountCallbackEnabled()

Returns true if the CALLBACK_ERROR_COUNT callback is enabled, false otherwise.

Callbacks

Callbacks can be registered to receive time critical or recurring data from the device. The registration is done with the registerCallback() function of the device object. The first parameter is the callback ID and the second parameter the callback function:

<?php

function myCallback($param)
{
    echo $param . "\n";
}

$rs485->registerCallback(BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_EXAMPLE, 'myCallback');

?>

The available constants with corresponding function signatures are described below.

Note

Using callbacks for recurring events is always preferred compared to using getters. It will use less USB bandwidth and the latency will be a lot better, since there is no round trip time.

int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_READ
<?php   void callback(array $message [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called if new data is available.

To enable this callback, use enableReadCallback().

int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_ERROR_COUNT
<?php   void callback(int $overrun_error_count, int $parity_error_count [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called if a new error occurs. It returns the current overrun and parity error count.

int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_READ_COILS_REQUEST
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $starting_address, int $count [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus slave mode when the slave receives a valid request from a Modbus master to read coils. The parameters are request ID of the request, the starting address and the number of coils to be read as received by the request.

To send a response of this request use modbusSlaveAnswerReadCoilsRequest().

int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_READ_COILS_RESPONSE
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $exception_code, array $coils [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus master mode when the master receives a valid response of a request to read coils.

The parameters are request ID of the request, exception code of the response and the data as received by the response.

Any non-zero exception code indicates a problem. If the exception code is greater than zero then the number represents a Modbus exception code. If it is less than zero then it represents other errors. For example, -1 indicates that the request timed out or that the master did not receive any valid response of the request within the master request timeout period as set by setModbusConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_TIMEOUT = -1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SUCCESS = 0
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_FUNCTION = 1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_ADDRESS = 2
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_VALUE = 3
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_FAILURE = 4
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ACKNOWLEDGE = 5
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_BUSY = 6
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_MEMORY_PARITY_ERROR = 8
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_PATH_UNAVAILABLE = 10
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_TARGET_DEVICE_FAILED_TO_RESPOND = 11
int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_READ_HOLDING_REGISTERS_REQUEST
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $starting_address, int $count [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus slave mode when the slave receives a valid request from a Modbus master to read holding registers. The parameters are request ID of the request, the starting address and the number of holding registers to be read as received by the request.

To send a response of this request use modbusSlaveAnswerReadHoldingRegistersRequest().

int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_READ_HOLDING_REGISTERS_RESPONSE
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $exception_code, array $holding_registers [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus master mode when the master receives a valid response of a request to read holding registers.

The parameters are request ID of the request, exception code of the response and the data as received by the response.

Any non-zero exception code indicates a problem. If the exception code is greater than zero then the number represents a Modbus exception code. If it is less than zero then it represents other errors. For example, -1 indicates that the request timed out or that the master did not receive any valid response of the request within the master request timeout period as set by setModbusConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_TIMEOUT = -1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SUCCESS = 0
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_FUNCTION = 1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_ADDRESS = 2
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_VALUE = 3
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_FAILURE = 4
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ACKNOWLEDGE = 5
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_BUSY = 6
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_MEMORY_PARITY_ERROR = 8
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_PATH_UNAVAILABLE = 10
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_TARGET_DEVICE_FAILED_TO_RESPOND = 11
int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_WRITE_SINGLE_COIL_REQUEST
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $coil_address, bool $coil_value [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus slave mode when the slave receives a valid request from a Modbus master to write a single coil. The parameters are request ID of the request, the coil address and the value of coil to be written as received by the request.

To send a response of this request use modbusSlaveAnswerWriteSingleCoilRequest().

int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_WRITE_SINGLE_COIL_RESPONSE
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $exception_code [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus master mode when the master receives a valid response of a request to write a single coil.

The parameters are request ID of the request and exception code of the response.

Any non-zero exception code indicates a problem. If the exception code is greater than zero then the number represents a Modbus exception code. If it is less than zero then it represents other errors. For example, -1 indicates that the request timed out or that the master did not receive any valid response of the request within the master request timeout period as set by setModbusConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_TIMEOUT = -1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SUCCESS = 0
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_FUNCTION = 1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_ADDRESS = 2
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_VALUE = 3
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_FAILURE = 4
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ACKNOWLEDGE = 5
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_BUSY = 6
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_MEMORY_PARITY_ERROR = 8
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_PATH_UNAVAILABLE = 10
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_TARGET_DEVICE_FAILED_TO_RESPOND = 11
int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_WRITE_SINGLE_REGISTER_REQUEST
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $register_address, int $register_value [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus slave mode when the slave receives a valid request from a Modbus master to write a single register. The parameters are request ID of the request, the register address and the register value to be written as received by the request.

To send a response of this request use modbusSlaveAnswerWriteSingleRegisterRequest().

int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_WRITE_SINGLE_REGISTER_RESPONSE
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $exception_code [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus master mode when the master receives a valid response of a request to write a single register.

The parameters are request ID of the request and exception code of the response.

Any non-zero exception code indicates a problem. If the exception code is greater than zero then the number represents a Modbus exception code. If it is less than zero then it represents other errors. For example, -1 indicates that the request timed out or that the master did not receive any valid response of the request within the master request timeout period as set by setModbusConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_TIMEOUT = -1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SUCCESS = 0
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_FUNCTION = 1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_ADDRESS = 2
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_VALUE = 3
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_FAILURE = 4
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ACKNOWLEDGE = 5
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_BUSY = 6
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_MEMORY_PARITY_ERROR = 8
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_PATH_UNAVAILABLE = 10
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_TARGET_DEVICE_FAILED_TO_RESPOND = 11
int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_WRITE_MULTIPLE_COILS_REQUEST
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $starting_address, array $coils [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus slave mode when the slave receives a valid request from a Modbus master to write multiple coils. The parameters are request ID of the request, the starting address and the data to be written as received by the request.

To send a response of this request use modbusSlaveAnswerWriteMultipleCoilsRequest().

int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_WRITE_MULTIPLE_COILS_RESPONSE
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $exception_code [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus master mode when the master receives a valid response of a request to read coils.

The parameters are request ID of the request and exception code of the response.

Any non-zero exception code indicates a problem. If the exception code is greater than zero then the number represents a Modbus exception code. If it is less than zero then it represents other errors. For example, -1 indicates that the request timedout or that the master did not receive any valid response of the request within the master request timeout period as set by setModbusConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_TIMEOUT = -1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SUCCESS = 0
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_FUNCTION = 1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_ADDRESS = 2
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_VALUE = 3
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_FAILURE = 4
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ACKNOWLEDGE = 5
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_BUSY = 6
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_MEMORY_PARITY_ERROR = 8
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_PATH_UNAVAILABLE = 10
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_TARGET_DEVICE_FAILED_TO_RESPOND = 11
int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_WRITE_MULTIPLE_REGISTERS_REQUEST
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $starting_address, array $registers [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus slave mode when the slave receives a valid request from a Modbus master to write multiple registers. The parameters are request ID of the request, the starting address and the data to be written as received by the request.

To send a response of this request use modbusSlaveAnswerWriteMultipleRegistersRequest().

int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_WRITE_MULTIPLE_REGISTERS_RESPONSE
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $exception_code [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus master mode when the master receives a valid response of a request to write multiple registers.

The parameters are request ID of the request and exception code of the response.

Any non-zero exception code indicates a problem. If the exception code is greater than zero then the number represents a Modbus exception code. If it is less than zero then it represents other errors. For example, -1 indicates that the request timedout or that the master did not receive any valid response of the request within the master request timeout period as set by setModbusConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_TIMEOUT = -1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SUCCESS = 0
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_FUNCTION = 1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_ADDRESS = 2
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_VALUE = 3
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_FAILURE = 4
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ACKNOWLEDGE = 5
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_BUSY = 6
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_MEMORY_PARITY_ERROR = 8
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_PATH_UNAVAILABLE = 10
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_TARGET_DEVICE_FAILED_TO_RESPOND = 11
int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_READ_DISCRETE_INPUTS_REQUEST
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $starting_address, int $count [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus slave mode when the slave receives a valid request from a Modbus master to read discrete inputs. The parameters are request ID of the request, the starting address and the number of discrete inputs to be read as received by the request.

To send a response of this request use modbusSlaveAnswerReadDiscreteInputsRequest().

int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_READ_DISCRETE_INPUTS_RESPONSE
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $exception_code, array $discrete_inputs [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus master mode when the master receives a valid response of a request to read discrete inputs.

The parameters are request ID of the request, exception code of the response and the data as received by the response.

Any non-zero exception code indicates a problem. If the exception code is greater than zero then the number represents a Modbus exception code. If it is less than zero then it represents other errors. For example, -1 indicates that the request timedout or that the master did not receive any valid response of the request within the master request timeout period as set by setModbusConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_TIMEOUT = -1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SUCCESS = 0
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_FUNCTION = 1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_ADDRESS = 2
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_VALUE = 3
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_FAILURE = 4
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ACKNOWLEDGE = 5
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_BUSY = 6
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_MEMORY_PARITY_ERROR = 8
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_PATH_UNAVAILABLE = 10
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_TARGET_DEVICE_FAILED_TO_RESPOND = 11
int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_SLAVE_READ_INPUT_REGISTERS_REQUEST
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $starting_address, int $count [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus slave mode when the slave receives a valid request from a Modbus master to read input registers. The parameters are request ID of the request, the starting address and the number of input registers to be read as received by the request.

To send a response of this request use modbusSlaveAnswerReadInputRegistersRequest().

int BrickletRS485::CALLBACK_MODBUS_MASTER_READ_INPUT_REGISTERS_RESPONSE
<?php   void callback(int $request_id, int $exception_code, array $input_registers [, mixed $user_data])   ?>

This callback is called only in Modbus master mode when the master receives a valid response of a request to read input registers.

The parameters are request ID of the request, exception code of the response and the data as received by the response.

Any non-zero exception code indicates a problem. If the exception code is greater than zero then the number represents a Modbus exception code. If it is less than zero then it represents other errors. For example, -1 indicates that the request timedout or that the master did not receive any valid response of the request within the master request timeout period as set by setModbusConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_TIMEOUT = -1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SUCCESS = 0
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_FUNCTION = 1
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_ADDRESS = 2
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ILLEGAL_DATA_VALUE = 3
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_FAILURE = 4
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_ACKNOWLEDGE = 5
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_SLAVE_DEVICE_BUSY = 6
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_MEMORY_PARITY_ERROR = 8
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_PATH_UNAVAILABLE = 10
  • BrickletRS485::EXCEPTION_CODE_GATEWAY_TARGET_DEVICE_FAILED_TO_RESPOND = 11

Constants

int BrickletRS485::DEVICE_IDENTIFIER

This constant is used to identify a RS485 Bricklet.

The getIdentity() function and the CALLBACK_ENUMERATE callback of the IP Connection have a deviceIdentifier parameter to specify the Brick's or Bricklet's type.

string BrickletRS485::DEVICE_DISPLAY_NAME

This constant represents the human readable name of a RS485 Bricklet.