Java - Accelerometer Bricklet

This is the description of the Java API bindings for the Accelerometer Bricklet. General information and technical specifications for the Accelerometer Bricklet are summarized in its hardware description.

An installation guide for the Java API bindings is part of their general description.

Examples

The example code below is Public Domain (CC0 1.0).

Simple

Download (ExampleSimple.java)

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import com.tinkerforge.IPConnection;
import com.tinkerforge.BrickletAccelerometer;
import com.tinkerforge.BrickletAccelerometer.Acceleration;

public class ExampleSimple {
    private static final String HOST = "localhost";
    private static final int PORT = 4223;

    // Change XYZ to the UID of your Accelerometer Bricklet
    private static final String UID = "XYZ";

    // Note: To make the example code cleaner we do not handle exceptions. Exceptions
    //       you might normally want to catch are described in the documentation
    public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception {
        IPConnection ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
        BrickletAccelerometer a = new BrickletAccelerometer(UID, ipcon); // Create device object

        ipcon.connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
        // Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        // Get current acceleration
        Acceleration acceleration = a.getAcceleration(); // Can throw com.tinkerforge.TimeoutException

        System.out.println("Acceleration [X]: " + acceleration.x/1000.0 + " g");
        System.out.println("Acceleration [Y]: " + acceleration.y/1000.0 + " g");
        System.out.println("Acceleration [Z]: " + acceleration.z/1000.0 + " g");

        System.out.println("Press key to exit"); System.in.read();
        ipcon.disconnect();
    }
}

Callback

Download (ExampleCallback.java)

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import com.tinkerforge.IPConnection;
import com.tinkerforge.BrickletAccelerometer;

public class ExampleCallback {
    private static final String HOST = "localhost";
    private static final int PORT = 4223;

    // Change XYZ to the UID of your Accelerometer Bricklet
    private static final String UID = "XYZ";

    // Note: To make the example code cleaner we do not handle exceptions. Exceptions
    //       you might normally want to catch are described in the documentation
    public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception {
        IPConnection ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
        BrickletAccelerometer a = new BrickletAccelerometer(UID, ipcon); // Create device object

        ipcon.connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
        // Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        // Add acceleration listener
        a.addAccelerationListener(new BrickletAccelerometer.AccelerationListener() {
            public void acceleration(short x, short y, short z) {
                System.out.println("Acceleration [X]: " + x/1000.0 + " g");
                System.out.println("Acceleration [Y]: " + y/1000.0 + " g");
                System.out.println("Acceleration [Z]: " + z/1000.0 + " g");
                System.out.println("");
            }
        });

        // Set period for acceleration callback to 1s (1000ms)
        // Note: The acceleration callback is only called every second
        //       if the acceleration has changed since the last call!
        a.setAccelerationCallbackPeriod(1000);

        System.out.println("Press key to exit"); System.in.read();
        ipcon.disconnect();
    }
}

Threshold

Download (ExampleThreshold.java)

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import com.tinkerforge.IPConnection;
import com.tinkerforge.BrickletAccelerometer;

public class ExampleThreshold {
    private static final String HOST = "localhost";
    private static final int PORT = 4223;

    // Change XYZ to the UID of your Accelerometer Bricklet
    private static final String UID = "XYZ";

    // Note: To make the example code cleaner we do not handle exceptions. Exceptions
    //       you might normally want to catch are described in the documentation
    public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception {
        IPConnection ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
        BrickletAccelerometer a = new BrickletAccelerometer(UID, ipcon); // Create device object

        ipcon.connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
        // Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        // Get threshold callbacks with a debounce time of 10 seconds (10000ms)
        a.setDebouncePeriod(10000);

        // Add acceleration reached listener
        a.addAccelerationReachedListener(new BrickletAccelerometer.AccelerationReachedListener() {
            public void accelerationReached(short x, short y, short z) {
                System.out.println("Acceleration [X]: " + x/1000.0 + " g");
                System.out.println("Acceleration [Y]: " + y/1000.0 + " g");
                System.out.println("Acceleration [Z]: " + z/1000.0 + " g");
                System.out.println("");
            }
        });

        // Configure threshold for acceleration "greater than 2 g, 2 g, 2 g"
        a.setAccelerationCallbackThreshold('>', (short)(2*1000), (short)0,
                                           (short)(2*1000), (short)0, (short)(2*1000),
                                           (short)0);

        System.out.println("Press key to exit"); System.in.read();
        ipcon.disconnect();
    }
}

API

Generally, every method of the Java bindings that returns a value can throw a TimeoutException. This exception gets thrown if the device did not respond. If a cable based connection is used, it is unlikely that this exception gets thrown (assuming nobody unplugs the device). However, if a wireless connection is used, timeouts will occur if the distance to the device gets too big.

Beside the TimeoutException there is also a NotConnectedException that is thrown if a method needs to communicate with the device while the IP Connection is not connected.

Since Java does not support multiple return values and return by reference is not possible for primitive types, we use small classes that only consist of member variables. The member variables of the returned objects are described in the corresponding method descriptions.

The package for all Brick/Bricklet bindings and the IP Connection is com.tinkerforge.*

All methods listed below are thread-safe.

Basic Functions

public class BrickletAccelerometer(String uid, IPConnection ipcon)

Creates an object with the unique device ID uid:

BrickletAccelerometer accelerometer = new BrickletAccelerometer("YOUR_DEVICE_UID", ipcon);

This object can then be used after the IP Connection is connected (see examples above).

public BrickletAccelerometer.Acceleration getAcceleration()

Returns the acceleration in x, y and z direction. The values are given in g/1000 (1g = 9.80665m/s²), not to be confused with grams.

If you want to get the acceleration periodically, it is recommended to use the AccelerationListener listener and set the period with setAccelerationCallbackPeriod().

The returned object has the public member variables short x, short y and short z.

public short getTemperature()

Returns the temperature of the accelerometer in °C.

public void ledOn()

Enables the LED on the Bricklet.

public void ledOff()

Disables the LED on the Bricklet.

public boolean isLEDOn()

Returns true if the LED is enabled, false otherwise.

Advanced Functions

public void setConfiguration(short dataRate, short fullScale, short filterBandwidth)

Configures the data rate, full scale range and filter bandwidth. Possible values are:

  • Data rate of 0Hz to 1600Hz.
  • Full scale range of -2G to +2G up to -16G to +16G.
  • Filter bandwidth between 50Hz and 800Hz.

Decreasing data rate or full scale range will also decrease the noise on the data.

The default values are 100Hz data rate, -4G to +4G range and 200Hz filter bandwidth.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_OFF = 0
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_3HZ = 1
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_6HZ = 2
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_12HZ = 3
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_25HZ = 4
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_50HZ = 5
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_100HZ = 6
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_400HZ = 7
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_800HZ = 8
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_1600HZ = 9
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FULL_SCALE_2G = 0
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FULL_SCALE_4G = 1
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FULL_SCALE_6G = 2
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FULL_SCALE_8G = 3
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FULL_SCALE_16G = 4
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FILTER_BANDWIDTH_800HZ = 0
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FILTER_BANDWIDTH_400HZ = 1
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FILTER_BANDWIDTH_200HZ = 2
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FILTER_BANDWIDTH_50HZ = 3
public BrickletAccelerometer.Configuration getConfiguration()

Returns the configuration as set by setConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_OFF = 0
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_3HZ = 1
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_6HZ = 2
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_12HZ = 3
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_25HZ = 4
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_50HZ = 5
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_100HZ = 6
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_400HZ = 7
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_800HZ = 8
  • BrickletAccelerometer.DATA_RATE_1600HZ = 9
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FULL_SCALE_2G = 0
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FULL_SCALE_4G = 1
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FULL_SCALE_6G = 2
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FULL_SCALE_8G = 3
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FULL_SCALE_16G = 4
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FILTER_BANDWIDTH_800HZ = 0
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FILTER_BANDWIDTH_400HZ = 1
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FILTER_BANDWIDTH_200HZ = 2
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FILTER_BANDWIDTH_50HZ = 3

The returned object has the public member variables short dataRate, short fullScale and short filterBandwidth.

public short[] getAPIVersion()

Returns the version of the API definition (major, minor, revision) implemented by this API bindings. This is neither the release version of this API bindings nor does it tell you anything about the represented Brick or Bricklet.

public boolean getResponseExpected(short functionId)

Returns the response expected flag for the function specified by the function ID parameter. It is true if the function is expected to send a response, false otherwise.

For getter functions this is enabled by default and cannot be disabled, because those functions will always send a response. For listener configuration functions it is enabled by default too, but can be disabled by setResponseExpected(). For setter functions it is disabled by default and can be enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

See setResponseExpected() for the list of function ID constants available for this function.

public void setResponseExpected(short functionId, boolean responseExpected)

Changes the response expected flag of the function specified by the function ID parameter. This flag can only be changed for setter (default value: false) and listener configuration functions (default value: true). For getter functions it is always enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following function ID constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletAccelerometer.FUNCTION_SET_ACCELERATION_CALLBACK_PERIOD = 2
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FUNCTION_SET_ACCELERATION_CALLBACK_THRESHOLD = 4
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FUNCTION_SET_DEBOUNCE_PERIOD = 6
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FUNCTION_SET_CONFIGURATION = 9
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FUNCTION_LED_ON = 11
  • BrickletAccelerometer.FUNCTION_LED_OFF = 12
public void setResponseExpectedAll(boolean responseExpected)

Changes the response expected flag for all setter and listener configuration functions of this device at once.

public BrickletAccelerometer.Identity getIdentity()

Returns the UID, the UID where the Bricklet is connected to, the position, the hardware and firmware version as well as the device identifier.

The position can be 'a', 'b', 'c' or 'd'.

The device identifier numbers can be found here. There is also a constant for the device identifier of this Bricklet.

The returned object has the public member variables String uid, String connectedUid, char position, short[] hardwareVersion, short[] firmwareVersion and int deviceIdentifier.

Listener Configuration Functions

public void setAccelerationCallbackPeriod(long period)

Sets the period in ms with which the AccelerationListener listener is triggered periodically. A value of 0 turns the listener off.

The AccelerationListener listener is only triggered if the acceleration has changed since the last triggering.

The default value is 0.

public long getAccelerationCallbackPeriod()

Returns the period as set by setAccelerationCallbackPeriod().

public void setAccelerationCallbackThreshold(char option, short minX, short maxX, short minY, short maxY, short minZ, short maxZ)

Sets the thresholds for the AccelerationReachedListener listener.

The following options are possible:

Option Description
'x' Listener is turned off
'o' Listener is triggered when the acceleration is outside the min and max values
'i' Listener is triggered when the acceleration is inside the min and max values
'<' Listener is triggered when the acceleration is smaller than the min value (max is ignored)
'>' Listener is triggered when the acceleration is greater than the min value (max is ignored)

The default value is ('x', 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0).

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletAccelerometer.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OFF = 'x'
  • BrickletAccelerometer.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OUTSIDE = 'o'
  • BrickletAccelerometer.THRESHOLD_OPTION_INSIDE = 'i'
  • BrickletAccelerometer.THRESHOLD_OPTION_SMALLER = '<'
  • BrickletAccelerometer.THRESHOLD_OPTION_GREATER = '>'
public BrickletAccelerometer.AccelerationCallbackThreshold getAccelerationCallbackThreshold()

Returns the threshold as set by setAccelerationCallbackThreshold().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletAccelerometer.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OFF = 'x'
  • BrickletAccelerometer.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OUTSIDE = 'o'
  • BrickletAccelerometer.THRESHOLD_OPTION_INSIDE = 'i'
  • BrickletAccelerometer.THRESHOLD_OPTION_SMALLER = '<'
  • BrickletAccelerometer.THRESHOLD_OPTION_GREATER = '>'

The returned object has the public member variables char option, short minX, short maxX, short minY, short maxY, short minZ and short maxZ.

public void setDebouncePeriod(long debounce)

Sets the period in ms with which the threshold listener

is triggered, if the threshold

keeps being reached.

The default value is 100.

public long getDebouncePeriod()

Returns the debounce period as set by setDebouncePeriod().

Listeners

Listeners can be registered to receive time critical or recurring data from the device. The registration is done with "add*Listener" functions of the device object.

The parameter is a listener class object, for example:

device.addExampleListener(new BrickletAccelerometer.ExampleListener() {
    public void property(int value) {
        System.out.println("Value: " + value);
    }
});

The available listener classes with inherent methods to be overwritten are described below. It is possible to add several listeners and to remove them with the corresponding "remove*Listener" function.

Note

Using listeners for recurring events is always preferred compared to using getters. It will use less USB bandwidth and the latency will be a lot better, since there is no round trip time.

public class BrickletAccelerometer.AccelerationListener()

This listener can be added with the addAccelerationListener() function. An added listener can be removed with the removeAccelerationListener() function.

public void acceleration(short x, short y, short z)

This listener is triggered periodically with the period that is set by setAccelerationCallbackPeriod(). The parameters are the X, Y and Z acceleration.

The AccelerationListener listener is only triggered if the acceleration has changed since the last triggering.

public class BrickletAccelerometer.AccelerationReachedListener()

This listener can be added with the addAccelerationReachedListener() function. An added listener can be removed with the removeAccelerationReachedListener() function.

public void accelerationReached(short x, short y, short z)

This listener is triggered when the threshold as set by setAccelerationCallbackThreshold() is reached. The parameters are the X, Y and Z acceleration.

If the threshold keeps being reached, the listener is triggered periodically with the period as set by setDebouncePeriod().

Constants

public static final int BrickletAccelerometer.DEVICE_IDENTIFIER

This constant is used to identify a Accelerometer Bricklet.

The getIdentity() function and the EnumerateListener listener of the IP Connection have a deviceIdentifier parameter to specify the Brick's or Bricklet's type.

public static final String BrickletAccelerometer.DEVICE_DISPLAY_NAME

This constant represents the human readable name of a Accelerometer Bricklet.