Visual Basic .NET - CAN Bricklet 2.0

This is the description of the Visual Basic .NET API bindings for the CAN Bricklet 2.0. General information and technical specifications for the CAN Bricklet 2.0 are summarized in its hardware description.

An installation guide for the Visual Basic .NET API bindings is part of their general description.

Examples

The example code below is Public Domain (CC0 1.0).

Loopback

Download (ExampleLoopback.vb)

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Imports System
Imports Tinkerforge

Module ExampleLoopback
    Const HOST As String = "localhost"
    Const PORT As Integer = 4223
    Const UID As String = "XYZ" ' Change XYZ to the UID of your CAN Bricklet 2.0

    ' Callback subroutine for frame read callback
    Sub FrameReadCB(ByVal sender As BrickletCANV2, ByVal frameType As Byte, _
                    ByVal identifier As Long, ByVal data As Byte())
        Console.WriteLine("Frame Type: {0}", frameType)
        Console.WriteLine("Identifier: {0}", identifier)
        Console.Write("Data (Length: {0}):", data.Length)

        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To Math.Min(data.Length - 1, 7)
            Console.Write(" " + data(i).ToString())
        Next i

        Console.WriteLine("")
        Console.WriteLine("")
    End Sub

    Sub Main()
        Dim ipcon As New IPConnection() ' Create IP connection
        Dim can As New BrickletCANV2(UID, ipcon) ' Create device object

        ipcon.Connect(HOST, PORT) ' Connect to brickd
        ' Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        ' Configure transceiver for loopback mode
        can.SetTransceiverConfiguration(1000000, 625, _
                                        BrickletCANV2.TRANSCEIVER_MODE_LOOPBACK)

        ' Register frame read callback to subroutine FrameReadCB
        AddHandler can.FrameReadCallback, AddressOf FrameReadCB

        ' Enable frame read callback
        can.SetFrameReadCallbackConfiguration(True)

        ' Write standard data frame with identifier 1742 and 3 bytes of data
        can.WriteFrame(BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_STANDARD_DATA, 1742, _
                       new Byte(){42, 23, 17})

        Console.WriteLine("Press key to exit")
        Console.ReadLine()
        can.SetFrameReadCallbackConfiguration(False)
        ipcon.Disconnect()
    End Sub
End Module

API

Since Visual Basic .NET does not support multiple return values directly, we use the ByRef keyword to return multiple values from a function.

All functions and procedures listed below are thread-safe.

Basic Functions

Class BrickletCANV2(ByVal uid As String, ByVal ipcon As IPConnection)

Creates an object with the unique device ID uid:

Dim canV2 As New BrickletCANV2("YOUR_DEVICE_UID", ipcon)

This object can then be used after the IP Connection is connected (see examples above).

Function BrickletCANV2.WriteFrame(ByVal frameType As Byte, ByVal identifier As Long, ByVal data() As Byte) As Boolean

Writes a data or remote frame to the write queue to be transmitted over the CAN transceiver.

The Bricklet supports the standard 11-bit (CAN 2.0A) and the additional extended 29-bit (CAN 2.0B) identifiers. For standard frames the Bricklet uses bit 0 to 10 from the identifier parameter as standard 11-bit identifier. For extended frames the Bricklet uses bit 0 to 28 from the identifier parameter as extended 29-bit identifier.

The data parameter can be up to 15 bytes long. For data frames up to 8 bytes will be used as the actual data. The length (DLC) field in the data or remote frame will be set to the actual length of the data parameter. This allows to transmit data and remote frames with excess length. For remote frames only the length of the data parameter is used. The actual data bytes are ignored.

Returns true if the frame was successfully added to the write queue. Returns false if the frame could not be added because write queue is already full or because the write buffer or the write backlog are configured with a size of zero (see SetQueueConfiguration()).

The write queue can overflow if frames are written to it at a higher rate than the Bricklet can transmitted them over the CAN transceiver. This may happen if the CAN transceiver is configured as read-only or is using a low baud rate (see SetTransceiverConfiguration()). It can also happen if the CAN bus is congested and the frame cannot be transmitted because it constantly loses arbitration or because the CAN transceiver is currently disabled due to a high write error level (see GetErrorLog()).

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_STANDARD_DATA = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_STANDARD_REMOTE = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_EXTENDED_DATA = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_EXTENDED_REMOTE = 3
Sub BrickletCANV2.ReadFrame(ByRef success As Boolean, ByRef frameType As Byte, ByRef identifier As Long, ByRef data() As Byte)

Tries to read the next data or remote frame from the read queue and returns it. If a frame was successfully read, then the success return value is set to true and the other return values contain the frame. If the read queue is empty and no frame could be read, then the success return value is set to false and the other return values contain invalid data.

The identifier return value follows the identifier format described for WriteFrame().

The data return value can be up to 15 bytes long. For data frames up to the first 8 bytes are the actual received data. All bytes after the 8th byte are always zero and only there to indicate the length of a data or remote frame with excess length. For remote frames the length of the data return value represents the requested length. The actual data bytes are always zero.

A configurable read filter can be used to define which frames should be received by the CAN transceiver and put into the read queue (see SetReadFilterConfiguration()).

Instead of polling with this function, you can also use callbacks. See the SetFrameReadCallbackConfiguration() function and the FrameReadCallback callback.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_STANDARD_DATA = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_STANDARD_REMOTE = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_EXTENDED_DATA = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_EXTENDED_REMOTE = 3
Sub BrickletCANV2.SetTransceiverConfiguration(ByVal baudRate As Long, ByVal samplePoint As Integer, ByVal transceiverMode As Byte)

Sets the transceiver configuration for the CAN bus communication.

The baud rate can be configured in bit/s between 10 and 1000 kbit/s and the sample point can be configured in 1/10 % between 50 and 90 %.

The CAN transceiver has three different modes:

  • Normal: Reads from and writes to the CAN bus and performs active bus error detection and acknowledgement.
  • Loopback: All reads and writes are performed internally. The transceiver is disconnected from the actual CAN bus.
  • Read-Only: Only reads from the CAN bus, but does neither active bus error detection nor acknowledgement. Only the receiving part of the transceiver is connected to the CAN bus.

The default is: 125 kbit/s, 62.5 % and normal transceiver mode.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.TRANSCEIVER_MODE_NORMAL = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.TRANSCEIVER_MODE_LOOPBACK = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.TRANSCEIVER_MODE_READ_ONLY = 2
Sub BrickletCANV2.GetTransceiverConfiguration(ByRef baudRate As Long, ByRef samplePoint As Integer, ByRef transceiverMode As Byte)

Returns the configuration as set by SetTransceiverConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.TRANSCEIVER_MODE_NORMAL = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.TRANSCEIVER_MODE_LOOPBACK = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.TRANSCEIVER_MODE_READ_ONLY = 2

Advanced Functions

Sub BrickletCANV2.SetQueueConfiguration(ByVal writeBufferSize As Byte, ByVal writeBufferTimeout As Integer, ByVal writeBacklogSize As Integer, ByVal readBufferSizes() As Short, ByVal readBacklogSize As Integer)

Sets the write and read queue configuration.

The CAN transceiver has 32 buffers in total in hardware for transmitting and receiving frames. Additionally, the Bricklet has a backlog for 768 frames in total in software. The buffers and the backlog can be freely assigned to the write and read queues.

WriteFrame() writes a frame into the write backlog. The Bricklet moves the frame from the backlog into a free write buffer. The CAN transceiver then transmits the frame from the write buffer to the CAN bus. If there are no write buffers (write_buffer_size is zero) or there is no write backlog (write_backlog_size is zero) then no frames can be transmitted and WriteFrame() returns always false.

The CAN transceiver receives a frame from the CAN bus and stores it into a free read buffer. The Bricklet moves the frame from the read buffer into the read backlog. ReadFrame() reads the frame from the read backlog and returns it. If there are no read buffers (read_buffer_sizes is empty) or there is no read backlog (read_backlog_size is zero) then no frames can be received and ReadFrame() returns always false.

There can be multiple read buffers, because the CAN transceiver cannot receive data and remote frames into the same read buffer. A positive read buffer size represents a data frame read buffer and a negative read buffer size represents a remote frame read buffer. A read buffer size of zero is not allowed. By default the first read buffer is configured for data frames and the second read buffer is configured for remote frame. There can be up to 32 different read buffers, assuming that no write buffer is used. Each read buffer has its own filter configuration (see SetReadFilterConfiguration()).

A valid queue configuration fulfills these conditions:

write_buffer_size + read_buffer_size_0 + read_buffer_size_1 + ... + read_buffer_size_31 <= 32
write_backlog_size + read_backlog_size <= 768

The write buffer timeout has three different modes that define how a failed frame transmission should be handled:

  • Single-Shot (< 0): Only one transmission attempt will be made. If the transmission fails then the frame is discarded.
  • Infinite (= 0): Infinite transmission attempts will be made. The frame will never be discarded.
  • Milliseconds (> 0): A limited number of transmission attempts will be made. If the frame could not be transmitted successfully after the configured number of milliseconds then the frame is discarded.

The current content of the queues is lost when this function is called.

The default is:

  • 8 write buffers,
  • infinite write timeout,
  • 383 write backlog frames,
  • 16 read buffers for data frames,
  • 8 read buffers for remote frames and
  • 383 read backlog frames.
Sub BrickletCANV2.GetQueueConfiguration(ByRef writeBufferSize As Byte, ByRef writeBufferTimeout As Integer, ByRef writeBacklogSize As Integer, ByRef readBufferSizes() As Short, ByRef readBacklogSize As Integer)

Returns the queue configuration as set by SetQueueConfiguration().

Sub BrickletCANV2.SetReadFilterConfiguration(ByVal bufferIndex As Byte, ByVal filterMode As Byte, ByVal filterMask As Long, ByVal filterIdentifier As Long)

Set the read filter configuration for the given read buffer index. This can be used to define which frames should be received by the CAN transceiver and put into the read buffer.

The read filter has four different modes that define if and how the filter mask and the filter identifier are applied:

  • Accept-All: All frames are received.
  • Match-Standard-Only: Only standard frames with a matching identifier are received.
  • Match-Extended-Only: Only extended frames with a matching identifier are received.
  • Match-Standard-And-Extended: Standard and extended frames with a matching identifier are received.

The filter mask and filter identifier are used as bit masks. Their usage depends on the mode:

  • Accept-All: Mask and identifier are ignored.
  • Match-Standard-Only: Bit 0 to 10 (11 bits) of filter mask and filter identifier are used to match the 11-bit identifier of standard frames.
  • Match-Extended-Only: Bit 0 to 28 (29 bits) of filter mask and filter identifier are used to match the 29-bit identifier of extended frames.
  • Match-Standard-And-Extended: Bit 18 to 28 (11 bits) of filter mask and filter identifier are used to match the 11-bit identifier of standard frames, bit 0 to 17 (18 bits) are ignored in this case. Bit 0 to 28 (29 bits) of filter mask and filter identifier are used to match the 29-bit identifier of extended frames.

The filter mask and filter identifier are applied in this way: The filter mask is used to select the frame identifier bits that should be compared to the corresponding filter identifier bits. All unselected bits are automatically accepted. All selected bits have to match the filter identifier to be accepted. If all bits for the selected mode are accepted then the frame is accepted and is added to the read buffer.

Filter Mask Bit Filter Identifier Bit Frame Identifier Bit Result
0 X X Accept
1 0 0 Accept
1 0 1 Reject
1 1 0 Reject
1 1 1 Accept

For example, to receive standard frames with identifier 0x123 only, the mode can be set to Match-Standard-Only with 0x7FF as mask and 0x123 as identifier. The mask of 0x7FF selects all 11 identifier bits for matching so that the identifier has to be exactly 0x123 to be accepted.

To accept identifier 0x123 and identifier 0x456 at the same time, just set filter 2 to 0x456 and keep mask and filter 1 unchanged.

There can be up to 32 different read filters configured at the same time, because there can be up to 32 read buffer (see SetQueueConfiguration()).

The default mode is accept-all for all read buffers.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.FILTER_MODE_ACCEPT_ALL = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.FILTER_MODE_MATCH_STANDARD_ONLY = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.FILTER_MODE_MATCH_EXTENDED_ONLY = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.FILTER_MODE_MATCH_STANDARD_AND_EXTENDED = 3
Sub BrickletCANV2.GetReadFilterConfiguration(ByVal bufferIndex As Byte, ByRef filterMode As Byte, ByRef filterMask As Long, ByRef filterIdentifier As Long)

Returns the read filter configuration as set by SetReadFilterConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.FILTER_MODE_ACCEPT_ALL = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.FILTER_MODE_MATCH_STANDARD_ONLY = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.FILTER_MODE_MATCH_EXTENDED_ONLY = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.FILTER_MODE_MATCH_STANDARD_AND_EXTENDED = 3
Sub BrickletCANV2.GetErrorLog(ByRef transceiverState As Byte, ByRef transceiverWriteErrorLevel As Byte, ByRef transceiverReadErrorLevel As Byte, ByRef transceiverStuffingErrorCount As Long, ByRef transceiverFormatErrorCount As Long, ByRef transceiverACKErrorCount As Long, ByRef transceiverBit1ErrorCount As Long, ByRef transceiverBit0ErrorCount As Long, ByRef transceiverCRCErrorCount As Long, ByRef writeBufferTimeoutErrorCount As Long, ByRef readBufferOverflowErrorCount As Long, ByRef readBufferOverflowErrorOccurred() As Boolean, ByRef readBacklogOverflowErrorCount As Long)

Returns information about different kinds of errors.

The write and read error levels indicate the current level of stuffing, form, acknowledgement, bit and checksum errors during CAN bus write and read operations. For each of this error kinds there is also an individual counter.

When the write error level extends 255 then the CAN transceiver gets disabled and no frames can be transmitted or received anymore. The CAN transceiver will automatically be activated again after the CAN bus is idle for a while.

The write buffer timeout, read buffer and backlog overflow counts represents the number of these errors:

  • A write buffer timeout occurs if a frame could not be transmitted before the configured write buffer timeout expired (see SetQueueConfiguration()).
  • A read buffer overflow occurs if a read buffer of the CAN transceiver still contains the last received frame when the next frame arrives. In this case the last received frame is lost. This happens if the CAN transceiver receives more frames than the Bricklet can handle. Using the read filter (see SetReadFilterConfiguration()) can help to reduce the amount of received frames. This count is not exact, but a lower bound, because the Bricklet might not able detect all overflows if they occur in rapid succession.
  • A read backlog overflow occurs if the read backlog of the Bricklet is already full when the next frame should be read from a read buffer of the CAN transceiver. In this case the frame in the read buffer is lost. This happens if the CAN transceiver receives more frames to be added to the read backlog than are removed from the read backlog using the ReadFrame() function. Using the FrameReadCallback callback ensures that the read backlog can not overflow.

The read buffer overflow counter counts the overflows of all configured read buffers. Which read buffer exactly suffered from an overflow can be figured out from the read buffer overflow occurrence list (read_buffer_overflow_error_occurred).

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.TRANSCEIVER_STATE_ACTIVE = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.TRANSCEIVER_STATE_PASSIVE = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.TRANSCEIVER_STATE_DISABLED = 2
Sub BrickletCANV2.SetCommunicationLEDConfig(ByVal config As Byte)

Sets the communication LED configuration. By default the LED shows CAN-Bus traffic, it flickers once for every 40 transmitted or received frames.

You can also turn the LED permanently on/off or show a heartbeat.

If the Bricklet is in bootloader mode, the LED is off.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_COMMUNICATION = 3
Function BrickletCANV2.GetCommunicationLEDConfig() As Byte

Returns the configuration as set by SetCommunicationLEDConfig()

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_COMMUNICATION = 3
Sub BrickletCANV2.SetErrorLEDConfig(ByVal config As Byte)

Sets the error LED configuration.

By default (show-transceiver-state) the error LED turns on if the CAN transceiver is passive or disabled state (see GetErrorLog()). If the CAN transceiver is in active state the LED turns off.

If the LED is configured as show-error then the error LED turns on if any error occurs. If you call this function with the show-error option again, the LED will turn off until the next error occurs.

You can also turn the LED permanently on/off or show a heartbeat.

If the Bricklet is in bootloader mode, the LED is off.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.ERROR_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.ERROR_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.ERROR_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.ERROR_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_TRANSCEIVER_STATE = 3
  • BrickletCANV2.ERROR_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_ERROR = 4
Function BrickletCANV2.GetErrorLEDConfig() As Byte

Returns the configuration as set by SetErrorLEDConfig().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.ERROR_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.ERROR_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.ERROR_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.ERROR_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_TRANSCEIVER_STATE = 3
  • BrickletCANV2.ERROR_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_ERROR = 4
Function BrickletCANV2.GetAPIVersion() As Byte()

Returns the version of the API definition (major, minor, revision) implemented by this API bindings. This is neither the release version of this API bindings nor does it tell you anything about the represented Brick or Bricklet.

Function BrickletCANV2.GetResponseExpected(ByVal functionId As Byte) As Boolean

Returns the response expected flag for the function specified by the function ID parameter. It is true if the function is expected to send a response, false otherwise.

For getter functions this is enabled by default and cannot be disabled, because those functions will always send a response. For callback configuration functions it is enabled by default too, but can be disabled by SetResponseExpected(). For setter functions it is disabled by default and can be enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

See SetResponseExpected() for the list of function ID constants available for this function.

Sub BrickletCANV2.SetResponseExpected(ByVal functionId As Byte, ByVal responseExpected As Boolean)

Changes the response expected flag of the function specified by the function ID parameter. This flag can only be changed for setter (default value: false) and callback configuration functions (default value: true). For getter functions it is always enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following function ID constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.FUNCTION_SET_FRAME_READ_CALLBACK_CONFIGURATION = 3
  • BrickletCANV2.FUNCTION_SET_TRANSCEIVER_CONFIGURATION = 5
  • BrickletCANV2.FUNCTION_SET_QUEUE_CONFIGURATION = 7
  • BrickletCANV2.FUNCTION_SET_READ_FILTER_CONFIGURATION = 9
  • BrickletCANV2.FUNCTION_SET_COMMUNICATION_LED_CONFIG = 12
  • BrickletCANV2.FUNCTION_SET_ERROR_LED_CONFIG = 14
  • BrickletCANV2.FUNCTION_SET_WRITE_FIRMWARE_POINTER = 237
  • BrickletCANV2.FUNCTION_SET_STATUS_LED_CONFIG = 239
  • BrickletCANV2.FUNCTION_RESET = 243
  • BrickletCANV2.FUNCTION_WRITE_UID = 248
Sub BrickletCANV2.SetResponseExpectedAll(ByVal responseExpected As Boolean)

Changes the response expected flag for all setter and callback configuration functions of this device at once.

Sub BrickletCANV2.GetSPITFPErrorCount(ByRef errorCountAckChecksum As Long, ByRef errorCountMessageChecksum As Long, ByRef errorCountFrame As Long, ByRef errorCountOverflow As Long)

Returns the error count for the communication between Brick and Bricklet.

The errors are divided into

  • ACK checksum errors,
  • message checksum errors,
  • framing errors and
  • overflow errors.

The errors counts are for errors that occur on the Bricklet side. All Bricks have a similar function that returns the errors on the Brick side.

Function BrickletCANV2.SetBootloaderMode(ByVal mode As Byte) As Byte

Sets the bootloader mode and returns the status after the requested mode change was instigated.

You can change from bootloader mode to firmware mode and vice versa. A change from bootloader mode to firmware mode will only take place if the entry function, device identifier and CRC are present and correct.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 3
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_ERASE_AND_REBOOT = 4
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_OK = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_INVALID_MODE = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_NO_CHANGE = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_ENTRY_FUNCTION_NOT_PRESENT = 3
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_DEVICE_IDENTIFIER_INCORRECT = 4
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_CRC_MISMATCH = 5
Function BrickletCANV2.GetBootloaderMode() As Byte

Returns the current bootloader mode, see SetBootloaderMode().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 3
  • BrickletCANV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_ERASE_AND_REBOOT = 4
Sub BrickletCANV2.SetWriteFirmwarePointer(ByVal pointer As Long)

Sets the firmware pointer for WriteFirmware(). The pointer has to be increased by chunks of size 64. The data is written to flash every 4 chunks (which equals to one page of size 256).

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

Function BrickletCANV2.WriteFirmware(ByVal data() As Byte) As Byte

Writes 64 Bytes of firmware at the position as written by SetWriteFirmwarePointer() before. The firmware is written to flash every 4 chunks.

You can only write firmware in bootloader mode.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

Sub BrickletCANV2.SetStatusLEDConfig(ByVal config As Byte)

Sets the status LED configuration. By default the LED shows communication traffic between Brick and Bricklet, it flickers once for every 10 received data packets.

You can also turn the LED permanently on/off or show a heartbeat.

If the Bricklet is in bootloader mode, the LED is will show heartbeat by default.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_STATUS = 3
Function BrickletCANV2.GetStatusLEDConfig() As Byte

Returns the configuration as set by SetStatusLEDConfig()

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_STATUS = 3
Function BrickletCANV2.GetChipTemperature() As Short

Returns the temperature in °C as measured inside the microcontroller. The value returned is not the ambient temperature!

The temperature is only proportional to the real temperature and it has bad accuracy. Practically it is only useful as an indicator for temperature changes.

Sub BrickletCANV2.Reset()

Calling this function will reset the Bricklet. All configurations will be lost.

After a reset you have to create new device objects, calling functions on the existing ones will result in undefined behavior!

Sub BrickletCANV2.WriteUID(ByVal uid As Long)

Writes a new UID into flash. If you want to set a new UID you have to decode the Base58 encoded UID string into an integer first.

We recommend that you use Brick Viewer to change the UID.

Function BrickletCANV2.ReadUID() As Long

Returns the current UID as an integer. Encode as Base58 to get the usual string version.

Sub BrickletCANV2.GetIdentity(ByRef uid As String, ByRef connectedUid As String, ByRef position As Char, ByRef hardwareVersion() As Byte, ByRef firmwareVersion() As Byte, ByRef deviceIdentifier As Integer)

Returns the UID, the UID where the Bricklet is connected to, the position, the hardware and firmware version as well as the device identifier.

The position can be 'a', 'b', 'c' or 'd'.

The device identifier numbers can be found here. There is also a constant for the device identifier of this Bricklet.

Callback Configuration Functions

Sub BrickletCANV2.SetFrameReadCallbackConfiguration(ByVal enabled As Boolean)

Enables and disables the FrameReadCallback callback.

By default the callback is disabled.

Function BrickletCANV2.GetFrameReadCallbackConfiguration() As Boolean

Returns true if the FrameReadCallback callback is enabled, false otherwise.

Callbacks

Callbacks can be registered to receive time critical or recurring data from the device. The registration is done by assigning a procedure to an callback property of the device object:

Sub MyCallback(ByVal sender As BrickletCANV2, ByVal value As Short)
    Console.WriteLine("Value: {0}", value)
End Sub

AddHandler canV2.ExampleCallback, AddressOf MyCallback

The available callback property and their type of parameters are described below.

Note

Using callbacks for recurring events is always preferred compared to using getters. It will use less USB bandwidth and the latency will be a lot better, since there is no round trip time.

Event BrickletCANV2.FrameReadCallback(ByVal sender As BrickletCANV2, ByVal frameType As Byte, ByVal identifier As Long, ByVal data() As Byte)

This callback is triggered if a data or remote frame was received by the CAN transceiver.

The identifier return value follows the identifier format described for WriteFrame().

For details on the data return value see ReadFrame().

A configurable read filter can be used to define which frames should be received by the CAN transceiver and put into the read queue (see SetQueueConfiguration()).

To enable this callback, use SetFrameReadCallbackConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_STANDARD_DATA = 0
  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_STANDARD_REMOTE = 1
  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_EXTENDED_DATA = 2
  • BrickletCANV2.FRAME_TYPE_EXTENDED_REMOTE = 3

Constants

Const BrickletCANV2.DEVICE_IDENTIFIER

This constant is used to identify a CAN Bricklet 2.0.

The GetIdentity() function and the EnumerateCallback callback of the IP Connection have a deviceIdentifier parameter to specify the Brick's or Bricklet's type.

Const BrickletCANV2.DEVICE_DISPLAY_NAME

This constant represents the human readable name of a CAN Bricklet 2.0.