Visual Basic .NET - Energy Monitor Bricklet

This is the description of the Visual Basic .NET API bindings for the Energy Monitor Bricklet. General information and technical specifications for the Energy Monitor Bricklet are summarized in its hardware description.

An installation guide for the Visual Basic .NET API bindings is part of their general description.

Examples

The example code below is Public Domain (CC0 1.0).

Simple

Download (ExampleSimple.vb)

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Imports System
Imports Tinkerforge

Module ExampleSimple
    Const HOST As String = "localhost"
    Const PORT As Integer = 4223
    Const UID As String = "XYZ" ' Change XYZ to the UID of your Energy Monitor Bricklet

    Sub Main()
        Dim ipcon As New IPConnection() ' Create IP connection
        Dim em As New BrickletEnergyMonitor(UID, ipcon) ' Create device object

        ipcon.Connect(HOST, PORT) ' Connect to brickd
        ' Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        ' Get current Energy Data
        Dim voltage, current, energy, realPower, apparentPower, reactivePower,
            powerFactor, frequency As Integer

        em.GetEnergyData(voltage, current, energy, realPower, apparentPower, _
                         reactivePower, powerFactor, frequency)

        Console.WriteLine("Voltage: " + (voltage/100.0).ToString() + " V")
        Console.WriteLine("Current: " + (current/100.0).ToString() + " A")
        Console.WriteLine("Energy: " + (energy/100.0).ToString() + " Wh")
        Console.WriteLine("Real Power: " + (realPower/100.0).ToString() + " h")
        Console.WriteLine("Apparent Power: " + (apparentPower/100.0).ToString() + " VA")
        Console.WriteLine("Reactive Power: " + (reactivePower/100.0).ToString() + " VAR")
        Console.WriteLine("Power Factor: " + (powerFactor/1000.0).ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("Frequency: " + (frequency/100.0).ToString() + " Hz")

        Console.WriteLine("Press key to exit")
        Console.ReadLine()
        ipcon.Disconnect()
    End Sub
End Module

Callback

Download (ExampleCallback.vb)

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Imports System
Imports Tinkerforge

Module ExampleCallback
    Const HOST As String = "localhost"
    Const PORT As Integer = 4223
    Const UID As String = "XYZ" ' Change XYZ to the UID of your Energy Monitor Bricklet

    ' Callback subroutine for Energy Data callback
    Sub EnergyDataCB(ByVal sender As BrickletEnergyMonitor, ByVal voltage As Integer, _
                     ByVal current As Integer, ByVal energy As Integer, _
                     ByVal realPower As Integer, ByVal apparentPower As Integer, _
                     ByVal reactivePower As Integer, ByVal powerFactor As Integer, _
                     ByVal frequency As Integer)
        Console.WriteLine("Voltage: " + (voltage/100.0).ToString() + " V")
        Console.WriteLine("Current: " + (current/100.0).ToString() + " A")
        Console.WriteLine("Energy: " + (energy/100.0).ToString() + " Wh")
        Console.WriteLine("Real Power: " + (realPower/100.0).ToString() + " h")
        Console.WriteLine("Apparent Power: " + (apparentPower/100.0).ToString() + " VA")
        Console.WriteLine("Reactive Power: " + (reactivePower/100.0).ToString() + " VAR")
        Console.WriteLine("Power Factor: " + (powerFactor/1000.0).ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("Frequency: " + (frequency/100.0).ToString() + " Hz")
        Console.WriteLine("")
    End Sub

    Sub Main()
        Dim ipcon As New IPConnection() ' Create IP connection
        Dim em As New BrickletEnergyMonitor(UID, ipcon) ' Create device object

        ipcon.Connect(HOST, PORT) ' Connect to brickd
        ' Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        ' Register Energy Data callback to subroutine EnergyDataCB
        AddHandler em.EnergyDataCallback, AddressOf EnergyDataCB

        ' Set period for Energy Data callback to 1s (1000ms)
        em.SetEnergyDataCallbackConfiguration(1000, False)

        Console.WriteLine("Press key to exit")
        Console.ReadLine()
        ipcon.Disconnect()
    End Sub
End Module

API

Since Visual Basic .NET does not support multiple return values directly, we use the ByRef keyword to return multiple values from a function.

All functions and procedures listed below are thread-safe.

Basic Functions

Class BrickletEnergyMonitor(ByVal uid As String, ByVal ipcon As IPConnection)

Creates an object with the unique device ID uid:

Dim energyMonitor As New BrickletEnergyMonitor("YOUR_DEVICE_UID", ipcon)

This object can then be used after the IP Connection is connected (see examples above).

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetEnergyData(ByRef voltage As Integer, ByRef current As Integer, ByRef energy As Integer, ByRef realPower As Integer, ByRef apparentPower As Integer, ByRef reactivePower As Integer, ByRef powerFactor As Integer, ByRef frequency As Integer)
Output Parameters:
  • voltage – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • current – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • energy – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • realPower – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • apparentPower – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • reactivePower – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • powerFactor – Type: Integer, Range: [0 to 216 - 1]
  • frequency – Type: Integer, Range: [0 to 216 - 1]

Returns all of the measurements that are done by the Energy Monitor Bricklet.

  • Voltage (V): Voltage RMS with a resolution of 10mV (example: 230.05V = 23005)
  • Current (A): Current RMS with a resolution of 10mA (example: 1.42A = 142)
  • Energy (Wh): Energy (integrated over time) with a resolution of 10mWh (example: 1.1kWh = 110000)
  • Real Power (W): Real Power with a resolution of 10mW (example: 1234.56W = 123456)
  • Apparent Power (VA): Apparent Power with a resolution of 10mVA (example: 1234.56VA = 123456)
  • Reactive Power (VAR): Reactive Power with a resolution of 10mVAR (example: 1234.56VAR = 123456)
  • Power Factor: Power Factor with a resolution of 1/1000 (example: PF 0.995 = 995)
  • Frequency (Hz): AC Frequency of the mains voltage with a resolution of 1/100 Hz (example: 50Hz = 5000)

The frequency is recalculated every 6 seconds.

All other values are integrated over 10 zero-crossings of the voltage sine wave. With a standard AC mains voltage frequency of 50Hz this results in a 5 measurements per second (or an integration time of 200ms per measurement).

If no voltage transformer is connected, the Bricklet will use the current waveform to calculate the frequency and it will use an integration time of 10 zero-crossings of the current waveform.

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.ResetEnergy()

Sets the energy value (see GetEnergyData()) back to 0Wh.

Function BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetWaveform() As Short()
Returns:
  • waveform – Type: Short Array, Length: 1536, Range: [-215 to 215 - 1]

Returns a snapshot of the voltage and current waveform. The values in the returned array alternate between voltage and current. The data from one getter call contains 768 data points for voltage and current, which correspond to about 3 full sine waves.

The voltage is given with a resolution of 100mV and the current is given with a resolution of 10mA.

This data is meant to be used for a non-realtime graphical representation of the voltage and current waveforms.

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetTransformerStatus(ByRef voltageTransformerConnected As Boolean, ByRef currentTransformerConnected As Boolean)
Output Parameters:
  • voltageTransformerConnected – Type: Boolean
  • currentTransformerConnected – Type: Boolean

Returns true if a voltage/current transformer is connected to the Bricklet.

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.SetTransformerCalibration(ByVal voltageRatio As Integer, ByVal currentRatio As Integer, ByVal phaseShift As Short)
Parameters:
  • voltageRatio – Type: Integer, Range: [0 to 216 - 1]
  • currentRatio – Type: Integer, Range: [0 to 216 - 1]
  • phaseShift – Type: Short, Range: [-215 to 215 - 1]

Sets the transformer ratio for the voltage and current transformer in 1/100 form.

Example: If your mains voltage is 230V, you use 9V voltage transformer and a 1V:30A current clamp your voltage ratio is 230/9 = 25.56 and your current ratio is 30/1 = 30.

In this case you have to set the values 2556 and 3000 for voltage ratio and current ratio.

The calibration is saved in non-volatile memory, you only have to set it once.

By default the voltage ratio is set to 1923 and the current ratio is set to 3000.

Set the phase shift to 0. It is for future use and currently not supported by the Bricklet.

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetTransformerCalibration(ByRef voltageRatio As Integer, ByRef currentRatio As Integer, ByRef phaseShift As Short)
Output Parameters:
  • voltageRatio – Type: Integer, Range: [0 to 216 - 1]
  • currentRatio – Type: Integer, Range: [0 to 216 - 1]
  • phaseShift – Type: Short, Range: [-215 to 215 - 1]

Returns the transformer calibration as set by SetTransformerCalibration().

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.CalibrateOffset()

Calling this function will start an offset calibration. The offset calibration will integrate the voltage and current waveform over a longer time period to find the 0 transition point in the sine wave.

The Bricklet comes with a factory-calibrated offset value, you should not have to call this function.

If you want to re-calibrate the offset we recommend that you connect a load that has a smooth sinusoidal voltage and current waveform. Alternatively you can also short both inputs.

The calibration is saved in non-volatile memory, you only have to set it once.

Advanced Functions

Function BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetAPIVersion() As Byte()
Returns:
  • apiVersion – Type: Byte Array, Length: 3, Range: [0 to 255]

Returns the version of the API definition (major, minor, revision) implemented by this API bindings. This is neither the release version of this API bindings nor does it tell you anything about the represented Brick or Bricklet.

Function BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetResponseExpected(ByVal functionId As Byte) As Boolean
Parameters:
  • functionId – Type: Byte, Range: See constants
Returns:
  • responseExpected – Type: Boolean

Returns the response expected flag for the function specified by the function ID parameter. It is true if the function is expected to send a response, false otherwise.

For getter functions this is enabled by default and cannot be disabled, because those functions will always send a response. For callback configuration functions it is enabled by default too, but can be disabled by SetResponseExpected(). For setter functions it is disabled by default and can be enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following constants are available for this function:

For functionId:

  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_RESET_ENERGY = 2
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_SET_TRANSFORMER_CALIBRATION = 5
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_CALIBRATE_OFFSET = 7
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_SET_ENERGY_DATA_CALLBACK_CONFIGURATION = 8
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_SET_WRITE_FIRMWARE_POINTER = 237
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_SET_STATUS_LED_CONFIG = 239
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_RESET = 243
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_WRITE_UID = 248
Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.SetResponseExpected(ByVal functionId As Byte, ByVal responseExpected As Boolean)
Parameters:
  • functionId – Type: Byte, Range: See constants
  • responseExpected – Type: Boolean

Changes the response expected flag of the function specified by the function ID parameter. This flag can only be changed for setter (default value: false) and callback configuration functions (default value: true). For getter functions it is always enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following constants are available for this function:

For functionId:

  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_RESET_ENERGY = 2
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_SET_TRANSFORMER_CALIBRATION = 5
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_CALIBRATE_OFFSET = 7
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_SET_ENERGY_DATA_CALLBACK_CONFIGURATION = 8
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_SET_WRITE_FIRMWARE_POINTER = 237
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_SET_STATUS_LED_CONFIG = 239
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_RESET = 243
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.FUNCTION_WRITE_UID = 248
Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.SetResponseExpectedAll(ByVal responseExpected As Boolean)
Parameters:
  • responseExpected – Type: Boolean

Changes the response expected flag for all setter and callback configuration functions of this device at once.

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetSPITFPErrorCount(ByRef errorCountAckChecksum As Long, ByRef errorCountMessageChecksum As Long, ByRef errorCountFrame As Long, ByRef errorCountOverflow As Long)
Output Parameters:
  • errorCountAckChecksum – Type: Long, Range: [0 to 232 - 1]
  • errorCountMessageChecksum – Type: Long, Range: [0 to 232 - 1]
  • errorCountFrame – Type: Long, Range: [0 to 232 - 1]
  • errorCountOverflow – Type: Long, Range: [0 to 232 - 1]

Returns the error count for the communication between Brick and Bricklet.

The errors are divided into

  • ACK checksum errors,
  • message checksum errors,
  • framing errors and
  • overflow errors.

The errors counts are for errors that occur on the Bricklet side. All Bricks have a similar function that returns the errors on the Brick side.

Function BrickletEnergyMonitor.SetBootloaderMode(ByVal mode As Byte) As Byte
Parameters:
  • mode – Type: Byte, Range: See constants
Returns:
  • status – Type: Byte, Range: See constants

Sets the bootloader mode and returns the status after the requested mode change was instigated.

You can change from bootloader mode to firmware mode and vice versa. A change from bootloader mode to firmware mode will only take place if the entry function, device identifier and CRC are present and correct.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

The following constants are available for this function:

For mode:

  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 2
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 3
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_ERASE_AND_REBOOT = 4

For status:

  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_OK = 0
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_INVALID_MODE = 1
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_NO_CHANGE = 2
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_ENTRY_FUNCTION_NOT_PRESENT = 3
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_DEVICE_IDENTIFIER_INCORRECT = 4
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_CRC_MISMATCH = 5
Function BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetBootloaderMode() As Byte
Returns:
  • mode – Type: Byte, Range: See constants

Returns the current bootloader mode, see SetBootloaderMode().

The following constants are available for this function:

For mode:

  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 2
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 3
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_ERASE_AND_REBOOT = 4
Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.SetWriteFirmwarePointer(ByVal pointer As Long)
Parameters:
  • pointer – Type: Long, Range: [0 to 232 - 1]

Sets the firmware pointer for WriteFirmware(). The pointer has to be increased by chunks of size 64. The data is written to flash every 4 chunks (which equals to one page of size 256).

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

Function BrickletEnergyMonitor.WriteFirmware(ByVal data() As Byte) As Byte
Parameters:
  • data – Type: Byte Array, Length: 64, Range: [0 to 255]
Returns:
  • status – Type: Byte, Range: [0 to 255]

Writes 64 Bytes of firmware at the position as written by SetWriteFirmwarePointer() before. The firmware is written to flash every 4 chunks.

You can only write firmware in bootloader mode.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.SetStatusLEDConfig(ByVal config As Byte)
Parameters:
  • config – Type: Byte, Range: See constants

Sets the status LED configuration. By default the LED shows communication traffic between Brick and Bricklet, it flickers once for every 10 received data packets.

You can also turn the LED permanently on/off or show a heartbeat.

If the Bricklet is in bootloader mode, the LED is will show heartbeat by default.

The following constants are available for this function:

For config:

  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_STATUS = 3
Function BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetStatusLEDConfig() As Byte
Returns:
  • config – Type: Byte, Range: See constants

Returns the configuration as set by SetStatusLEDConfig()

The following constants are available for this function:

For config:

  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletEnergyMonitor.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_STATUS = 3
Function BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetChipTemperature() As Short
Returns:
  • temperature – Type: Short, Range: [-215 to 215 - 1]

Returns the temperature in °C as measured inside the microcontroller. The value returned is not the ambient temperature!

The temperature is only proportional to the real temperature and it has bad accuracy. Practically it is only useful as an indicator for temperature changes.

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.Reset()

Calling this function will reset the Bricklet. All configurations will be lost.

After a reset you have to create new device objects, calling functions on the existing ones will result in undefined behavior!

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.WriteUID(ByVal uid As Long)
Parameters:
  • uid – Type: Long, Range: [0 to 232 - 1]

Writes a new UID into flash. If you want to set a new UID you have to decode the Base58 encoded UID string into an integer first.

We recommend that you use Brick Viewer to change the UID.

Function BrickletEnergyMonitor.ReadUID() As Long
Returns:
  • uid – Type: Long, Range: [0 to 232 - 1]

Returns the current UID as an integer. Encode as Base58 to get the usual string version.

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetIdentity(ByRef uid As String, ByRef connectedUid As String, ByRef position As Char, ByRef hardwareVersion() As Byte, ByRef firmwareVersion() As Byte, ByRef deviceIdentifier As Integer)
Output Parameters:
  • uid – Type: String, Length: up to 8
  • connectedUid – Type: String, Length: up to 8
  • position – Type: Char
  • hardwareVersion – Type: Byte Array, Length: 3, Range: [0 to 255]
  • firmwareVersion – Type: Byte Array, Length: 3, Range: [0 to 255]
  • deviceIdentifier – Type: Integer, Range: [0 to 216 - 1]

Returns the UID, the UID where the Bricklet is connected to, the position, the hardware and firmware version as well as the device identifier.

The position can be 'a', 'b', 'c' or 'd'.

The device identifier numbers can be found here. There is also a constant for the device identifier of this Bricklet.

Callback Configuration Functions

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.SetEnergyDataCallbackConfiguration(ByVal period As Long, ByVal valueHasToChange As Boolean)
Parameters:
  • period – Type: Long, Unit: 1 ms, Range: [0 to 232 - 1], Default: 0
  • valueHasToChange – Type: Boolean, Default: false

The period is the period with which the EnergyDataCallback callback is triggered periodically. A value of 0 turns the callback off.

If the value has to change-parameter is set to true, the callback is only triggered after the value has changed. If the value didn't change within the period, the callback is triggered immediately on change.

If it is set to false, the callback is continuously triggered with the period, independent of the value.

Sub BrickletEnergyMonitor.GetEnergyDataCallbackConfiguration(ByRef period As Long, ByRef valueHasToChange As Boolean)
Output Parameters:
  • period – Type: Long, Unit: 1 ms, Range: [0 to 232 - 1], Default: 0
  • valueHasToChange – Type: Boolean, Default: false

Returns the callback configuration as set by SetEnergyDataCallbackConfiguration().

Callbacks

Callbacks can be registered to receive time critical or recurring data from the device. The registration is done by assigning a procedure to an callback property of the device object:

Sub MyCallback(ByVal sender As BrickletEnergyMonitor, ByVal value As Short)
    Console.WriteLine("Value: {0}", value)
End Sub

AddHandler energyMonitor.ExampleCallback, AddressOf MyCallback

The available callback property and their type of parameters are described below.

Note

Using callbacks for recurring events is always preferred compared to using getters. It will use less USB bandwidth and the latency will be a lot better, since there is no round trip time.

Event BrickletEnergyMonitor.EnergyDataCallback(ByVal sender As BrickletEnergyMonitor, ByVal voltage As Integer, ByVal current As Integer, ByVal energy As Integer, ByVal realPower As Integer, ByVal apparentPower As Integer, ByVal reactivePower As Integer, ByVal powerFactor As Integer, ByVal frequency As Integer)
Callback Parameters:
  • sender – Type: BrickletEnergyMonitor
  • voltage – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • current – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • energy – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • realPower – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • apparentPower – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • reactivePower – Type: Integer, Range: [-231 to 231 - 1]
  • powerFactor – Type: Integer, Range: [0 to 216 - 1]
  • frequency – Type: Integer, Range: [0 to 216 - 1]

This callback is triggered periodically according to the configuration set by SetEnergyDataCallbackConfiguration().

The parameters are the same as GetEnergyData().

Constants

Const BrickletEnergyMonitor.DEVICE_IDENTIFIER

This constant is used to identify a Energy Monitor Bricklet.

The GetIdentity() function and the IPConnection.EnumerateCallback callback of the IP Connection have a deviceIdentifier parameter to specify the Brick's or Bricklet's type.

Const BrickletEnergyMonitor.DEVICE_DISPLAY_NAME

This constant represents the human readable name of a Energy Monitor Bricklet.