Visual Basic .NET - Piezo Speaker Bricklet

This is the description of the Visual Basic .NET API bindings for the Piezo Speaker Bricklet. General information and technical specifications for the Piezo Speaker Bricklet are summarized in its hardware description.

An installation guide for the Visual Basic .NET API bindings is part of their general description.

Examples

The example code below is Public Domain (CC0 1.0).

Beep

Download (ExampleBeep.vb)

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Imports System
Imports Tinkerforge

Module ExampleBeep
    Const HOST As String = "localhost"
    Const PORT As Integer = 4223
    Const UID As String = "XYZ" ' Change XYZ to the UID of your Piezo Speaker Bricklet

    Sub Main()
        Dim ipcon As New IPConnection() ' Create IP connection
        Dim ps As New BrickletPiezoSpeaker(UID, ipcon) ' Create device object

        ipcon.Connect(HOST, PORT) ' Connect to brickd
        ' Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        ' Make 2 second beep with a frequency of 1kHz
        ps.Beep(2000, 1000)

        Console.WriteLine("Press key to exit")
        Console.ReadLine()
        ipcon.Disconnect()
    End Sub
End Module

Morse Code

Download (ExampleMorseCode.vb)

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Imports System
Imports Tinkerforge

Module ExampleMorseCode
    Const HOST As String = "localhost"
    Const PORT As Integer = 4223
    Const UID As String = "XYZ" ' Change XYZ to the UID of your Piezo Speaker Bricklet

    Sub Main()
        Dim ipcon As New IPConnection() ' Create IP connection
        Dim ps As New BrickletPiezoSpeaker(UID, ipcon) ' Create device object

        ipcon.Connect(HOST, PORT) ' Connect to brickd
        ' Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        ' Morse SOS with a frequency of 2kHz
        ps.MorseCode("... --- ...", 2000)

        Console.WriteLine("Press key to exit")
        Console.ReadLine()
        ipcon.Disconnect()
    End Sub
End Module

API

Since Visual Basic .NET does not support multiple return values directly, we use the ByRef keyword to return multiple values from a function.

All functions and procedures listed below are thread-safe.

Basic Functions

Class BrickletPiezoSpeaker(ByVal uid As String, ByVal ipcon As IPConnection)

Creates an object with the unique device ID uid:

Dim piezoSpeaker As New BrickletPiezoSpeaker("YOUR_DEVICE_UID", ipcon)

This object can then be used after the IP Connection is connected (see examples above).

Sub BrickletPiezoSpeaker.Beep(ByVal duration As Long, ByVal frequency As Integer)
Parameters:
  • duration – Type: Long, Unit: 1 ms, Range: [0 to 232 - 1] with constants
  • frequency – Type: Integer, Unit: 1 Hz, Range: [585 to 7100]

Beeps with the given frequency for the given duration.

Changed in version 2.0.2 (Plugin): A duration of 0 stops the current beep if any, the frequency parameter is ignored. A duration of 4294967295 results in an infinite beep.

The Piezo Speaker Bricklet can only approximate the frequency, it will play the best possible match by applying the calibration (see Calibrate()).

The following constants are available for this function:

For duration:

  • BrickletPiezoSpeaker.BEEP_DURATION_OFF = 0
  • BrickletPiezoSpeaker.BEEP_DURATION_INFINITE = 4294967295
Sub BrickletPiezoSpeaker.MorseCode(ByVal morse As String, ByVal frequency As Integer)
Parameters:
  • morse – Type: String, Length: up to 60
  • frequency – Type: Integer, Unit: 1 Hz, Range: [585 to 7100]

Sets morse code that will be played by the piezo buzzer. The morse code is given as a string consisting of "." (dot), "-" (minus) and " " (space) for dits, dahs and pauses. Every other character is ignored.

For example: If you set the string "...---...", the piezo buzzer will beep nine times with the durations "short short short long long long short short short".

Advanced Functions

Function BrickletPiezoSpeaker.Calibrate() As Boolean
Returns:
  • calibration – Type: Boolean

The Piezo Speaker Bricklet can play 512 different tones. This function plays each tone and measures the exact frequency back. The result is a mapping between setting value and frequency. This mapping is stored in the EEPROM and loaded on startup.

The Bricklet should come calibrated, you only need to call this function (once) every time you reflash the Bricklet plugin.

Returns true after the calibration finishes.

Sub BrickletPiezoSpeaker.GetIdentity(ByRef uid As String, ByRef connectedUid As String, ByRef position As Char, ByRef hardwareVersion() As Byte, ByRef firmwareVersion() As Byte, ByRef deviceIdentifier As Integer)
Output Parameters:
  • uid – Type: String, Length: up to 8
  • connectedUid – Type: String, Length: up to 8
  • position – Type: Char, Range: ["a"C to "h"C, "i"C, "z"C]
  • hardwareVersion – Type: Byte Array, Length: 3
    • 0: major – Type: Byte, Range: [0 to 255]
    • 1: minor – Type: Byte, Range: [0 to 255]
    • 2: revision – Type: Byte, Range: [0 to 255]
  • firmwareVersion – Type: Byte Array, Length: 3
    • 0: major – Type: Byte, Range: [0 to 255]
    • 1: minor – Type: Byte, Range: [0 to 255]
    • 2: revision – Type: Byte, Range: [0 to 255]
  • deviceIdentifier – Type: Integer, Range: [0 to 216 - 1]

Returns the UID, the UID where the Bricklet is connected to, the position, the hardware and firmware version as well as the device identifier.

The position can be 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g' or 'h' (Bricklet Port). The Raspberry Pi HAT (Zero) Brick is always at position 'i' and the Bricklet connected to an Isolator Bricklet is always as position 'z'.

The device identifier numbers can be found here. There is also a constant for the device identifier of this Bricklet.

Callbacks

Callbacks can be registered to receive time critical or recurring data from the device. The registration is done by assigning a procedure to an callback property of the device object:

Sub MyCallback(ByVal sender As BrickletPiezoSpeaker, ByVal value As Short)
    Console.WriteLine("Value: {0}", value)
End Sub

AddHandler piezoSpeaker.ExampleCallback, AddressOf MyCallback

The available callback property and their type of parameters are described below.

Note

Using callbacks for recurring events is always preferred compared to using getters. It will use less USB bandwidth and the latency will be a lot better, since there is no round trip time.

Event BrickletPiezoSpeaker.BeepFinishedCallback(ByVal sender As BrickletPiezoSpeaker)
Callback Parameters:
  • sender – Type: BrickletPiezoSpeaker

This callback is triggered if a beep set by Beep() is finished

Event BrickletPiezoSpeaker.MorseCodeFinishedCallback(ByVal sender As BrickletPiezoSpeaker)
Callback Parameters:
  • sender – Type: BrickletPiezoSpeaker

This callback is triggered if the playback of the morse code set by MorseCode() is finished.

Virtual Functions

Virtual functions don't communicate with the device itself, but operate only on the API bindings device object. They can be called without the corresponding IP Connection object being connected.

Function BrickletPiezoSpeaker.GetAPIVersion() As Byte()
Output Parameters:
  • apiVersion – Type: Byte Array, Length: 3
    • 0: major – Type: Byte, Range: [0 to 255]
    • 1: minor – Type: Byte, Range: [0 to 255]
    • 2: revision – Type: Byte, Range: [0 to 255]

Returns the version of the API definition implemented by this API bindings. This is neither the release version of this API bindings nor does it tell you anything about the represented Brick or Bricklet.

Function BrickletPiezoSpeaker.GetResponseExpected(ByVal functionId As Byte) As Boolean
Parameters:
  • functionId – Type: Byte, Range: See constants
Returns:
  • responseExpected – Type: Boolean

Returns the response expected flag for the function specified by the function ID parameter. It is true if the function is expected to send a response, false otherwise.

For getter functions this is enabled by default and cannot be disabled, because those functions will always send a response. For callback configuration functions it is enabled by default too, but can be disabled by SetResponseExpected(). For setter functions it is disabled by default and can be enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following constants are available for this function:

For functionId:

  • BrickletPiezoSpeaker.FUNCTION_BEEP = 1
  • BrickletPiezoSpeaker.FUNCTION_MORSE_CODE = 2
Sub BrickletPiezoSpeaker.SetResponseExpected(ByVal functionId As Byte, ByVal responseExpected As Boolean)
Parameters:
  • functionId – Type: Byte, Range: See constants
  • responseExpected – Type: Boolean

Changes the response expected flag of the function specified by the function ID parameter. This flag can only be changed for setter (default value: false) and callback configuration functions (default value: true). For getter functions it is always enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following constants are available for this function:

For functionId:

  • BrickletPiezoSpeaker.FUNCTION_BEEP = 1
  • BrickletPiezoSpeaker.FUNCTION_MORSE_CODE = 2
Sub BrickletPiezoSpeaker.SetResponseExpectedAll(ByVal responseExpected As Boolean)
Parameters:
  • responseExpected – Type: Boolean

Changes the response expected flag for all setter and callback configuration functions of this device at once.

Constants

Const BrickletPiezoSpeaker.DEVICE_IDENTIFIER

This constant is used to identify a Piezo Speaker Bricklet.

The GetIdentity() function and the IPConnection.EnumerateCallback callback of the IP Connection have a deviceIdentifier parameter to specify the Brick's or Bricklet's type.

Const BrickletPiezoSpeaker.DEVICE_DISPLAY_NAME

This constant represents the human readable name of a Piezo Speaker Bricklet.