Mathematica - Distance IR Bricklet

This is the description of the Mathematica API bindings for the Distance IR Bricklet. General information and technical specifications for the Distance IR Bricklet are summarized in its hardware description.

An installation guide for the Mathematica API bindings is part of their general description.

Examples

The example code below is Public Domain (CC0 1.0).

Simple

Download (ExampleSimple.nb)

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Needs["NETLink`"]
LoadNETAssembly["Tinkerforge",NotebookDirectory[]<>"../../.."]

host="localhost"
port=4223
uid="XYZ"(*Change XYZ to the UID of your Distance IR Bricklet*)

(*Create IPConnection and device object*)
ipcon=NETNew["Tinkerforge.IPConnection"]
dir=NETNew["Tinkerforge.BrickletDistanceIR",uid,ipcon]
ipcon@Connect[host,port]

(*Get current distance*)
Print["Distance: "<>ToString[N[Quantity[dir@GetDistance[],"cm/10"]]]]

(*Clean up*)
ipcon@Disconnect[]
ReleaseNETObject[dir]
ReleaseNETObject[ipcon]

Callback

Download (ExampleCallback.nb)

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Needs["NETLink`"]
LoadNETAssembly["Tinkerforge",NotebookDirectory[]<>"../../.."]

host="localhost"
port=4223
uid="XYZ"(*Change XYZ to the UID of your Distance IR Bricklet*)

(*Create IPConnection and device object*)
ipcon=NETNew["Tinkerforge.IPConnection"]
dir=NETNew["Tinkerforge.BrickletDistanceIR",uid,ipcon]
ipcon@Connect[host,port]

(*Callback function for distance callback*)
DistanceCB[sender_,distance_]:=
 Print["Distance: "<>ToString[N[Quantity[distance,"cm/10"]]]]
AddEventHandler[dir@DistanceCallback,DistanceCB]

(*Set period for distance callback to 0.2s (200ms)*)
(*Note: The distance callback is only called every 0.2 seconds*)
(*if the distance has changed since the last call!*)
dir@SetDistanceCallbackPeriod[200]

Input["Click OK to exit"]

(*Clean up*)
ipcon@Disconnect[]
ReleaseNETObject[dir]
ReleaseNETObject[ipcon]

Threshold

Download (ExampleThreshold.nb)

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Needs["NETLink`"]
LoadNETAssembly["Tinkerforge",NotebookDirectory[]<>"../../.."]

host="localhost"
port=4223
uid="XYZ"(*Change XYZ to the UID of your Distance IR Bricklet*)

(*Create IPConnection and device object*)
ipcon=NETNew["Tinkerforge.IPConnection"]
dir=NETNew["Tinkerforge.BrickletDistanceIR",uid,ipcon]
ipcon@Connect[host,port]

(*Get threshold callbacks with a debounce time of 10 seconds (10000ms)*)
dir@SetDebouncePeriod[10000]

(*Callback function for distance reached callback*)
DistanceReachedCB[sender_,distance_]:=
 Print["Distance: "<>ToString[N[Quantity[distance,"cm/10"]]]]
AddEventHandler[dir@DistanceReachedCallback,DistanceReachedCB]

(*Configure threshold for distance "smaller than 30 cm"*)
option=Tinkerforge`BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUSMALLER
dir@SetDistanceCallbackThreshold[option,30*10,0]

Input["Click OK to exit"]

(*Clean up*)
ipcon@Disconnect[]
ReleaseNETObject[dir]
ReleaseNETObject[ipcon]

API

Generally, every method of the Mathematica bindings that returns a value can throw a Tinkerforge.TimeoutException. This exception gets thrown if the device did not respond. If a cable based connection is used, it is unlikely that this exception gets thrown (assuming nobody plugs the device out). However, if a wireless connection is used, timeouts will occur if the distance to the device gets too big.

Since .NET/Link does not support multiple return values directly, we use the out keyword to return multiple values from a method. For further information about the out keyword in .NET/Link see the corresponding Mathematica .NET/Link documentation.

The namespace for all Brick/Bricklet bindings and the IPConnection is Tinkerforge.*.

Basic Functions

BrickletDistanceIR[uid, ipcon] → distanceIR
Parameters:
  • uid -- String
  • ipcon -- NETObject[IPConnection]
Returns:
  • distanceIR -- NETObject[BrickletDistanceIR]

Creates an object with the unique device ID uid:

distanceIR=NETNew["Tinkerforge.BrickletDistanceIR","YOUR_DEVICE_UID",ipcon]

This object can then be used after the IP Connection is connected (see examples above).

The .NET runtime has built-in garbage collection that frees objects that are no longer in use by a program. But because Mathematica can not automatically tell when a Mathematica "program" doesn't use a .NET object anymore, this has to be done by the program. For this the ReleaseNETObject[] function is used in the examples.

For further information about object management in .NET/Link see the corresponding Mathematica .NET/Link documentation.

BrickletDistanceIR@GetDistance[] → distance
Returns:
  • distance -- Integer

Returns the distance measured by the sensor. The value is in mm and possible distance ranges are 40 to 300, 100 to 800 and 200 to 1500, depending on the selected IR sensor.

If you want to get the distance periodically, it is recommended to use the DistanceCallback callback and set the period with SetDistanceCallbackPeriod[].

Advanced Functions

BrickletDistanceIR@GetAnalogValue[] → value
Returns:
  • value -- Integer

Returns the value as read by a 12-bit analog-to-digital converter. The value is between 0 and 4095.

Note

The value returned by GetDistance[] is averaged over several samples to yield less noise, while GetAnalogValue[] gives back raw unfiltered analog values. The only reason to use GetAnalogValue[] is, if you need the full resolution of the analog-to-digital converter.

If you want the analog value periodically, it is recommended to use the AnalogValueCallback callback and set the period with SetAnalogValueCallbackPeriod[].

BrickletDistanceIR@SetSamplingPoint[position, distance] → Null
Parameters:
  • position -- Integer
  • distance -- Integer

Sets a sampling point value to a specific position of the lookup table. The lookup table comprises 128 equidistant analog values with corresponding distances.

If you measure a distance of 50cm at the analog value 2048, you should call this function with (64, 5000). The utilized analog-to-digital converter has a resolution of 12 bit. With 128 sampling points on the whole range, this means that every sampling point has a size of 32 analog values. Thus the analog value 2048 has the corresponding sampling point 64 = 2048/32.

Sampling points are saved on the EEPROM of the Distance IR Bricklet and loaded again on startup.

Note

An easy way to calibrate the sampling points of the Distance IR Bricklet is implemented in the Brick Viewer. If you want to calibrate your Bricklet it is highly recommended to use this implementation.

BrickletDistanceIR@GetSamplingPoint[position] → distance
Parameters:
  • position -- Integer
Returns:
  • distance -- Integer

Returns the distance to a sampling point position as set by SetSamplingPoint[].

BrickletDistanceIR@GetAPIVersion[] → {apiVersion1, apiVersion2, apiVersion3}
Returns:
  • apiVersioni -- Integer

Returns the version of the API definition (major, minor, revision) implemented by this API bindings. This is neither the release version of this API bindings nor does it tell you anything about the represented Brick or Bricklet.

BrickletDistanceIR@GetResponseExpected[functionId] → responseExpected
Parameters:
  • functionId -- Integer
Returns:
  • responseExpected -- True/False

Returns the response expected flag for the function specified by the function ID parameter. It is true if the function is expected to send a response, false otherwise.

For getter functions this is enabled by default and cannot be disabled, because those functions will always send a response. For callback configuration functions it is enabled by default too, but can be disabled by SetResponseExpected[]. For setter functions it is disabled by default and can be enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

See SetResponseExpected[] for the list of function ID constants available for this function.

BrickletDistanceIR@SetResponseExpected[functionId, responseExpected] → Null
Parameters:
  • functionId -- Integer
  • responseExpected -- True/False

Changes the response expected flag of the function specified by the function ID parameter. This flag can only be changed for setter (default value: false) and callback configuration functions (default value: true). For getter functions it is always enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following function ID constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletDistanceIR`FUNCTIONUSETUSAMPLINGUPOINT = 3
  • BrickletDistanceIR`FUNCTIONUSETUDISTANCEUCALLBACKUPERIOD = 5
  • BrickletDistanceIR`FUNCTIONUSETUANALOGUVALUEUCALLBACKUPERIOD = 7
  • BrickletDistanceIR`FUNCTIONUSETUDISTANCEUCALLBACKUTHRESHOLD = 9
  • BrickletDistanceIR`FUNCTIONUSETUANALOGUVALUEUCALLBACKUTHRESHOLD = 11
  • BrickletDistanceIR`FUNCTIONUSETUDEBOUNCEUPERIOD = 13
BrickletDistanceIR@SetResponseExpectedAll[responseExpected] → Null
Parameters:
  • responseExpected -- True/False

Changes the response expected flag for all setter and callback configuration functions of this device at once.

BrickletDistanceIR@GetIdentity[out uid, out connectedUid, out position, out {hardwareVersion1, hardwareVersion2, hardwareVersion3}, out {firmwareVersion1, firmwareVersion2, firmwareVersion3}, out deviceIdentifier] → Null
Parameters:
  • uid -- String
  • connectedUid -- String
  • position -- Integer
  • hardwareVersioni -- Integer
  • firmwareVersioni -- Integer
  • deviceIdentifier -- Integer

Returns the UID, the UID where the Bricklet is connected to, the position, the hardware and firmware version as well as the device identifier.

The position can be 'a', 'b', 'c' or 'd'.

The device identifier numbers can be found here. There is also a constant for the device identifier of this Bricklet.

Callback Configuration Functions

BrickletDistanceIR@SetDistanceCallbackPeriod[period] → Null
Parameters:
  • period -- Integer

Sets the period in ms with which the DistanceCallback callback is triggered periodically. A value of 0 turns the callback off.

The DistanceCallback callback is only triggered if the distance has changed since the last triggering.

The default value is 0.

BrickletDistanceIR@GetDistanceCallbackPeriod[] → period
Returns:
  • period -- Integer

Returns the period as set by SetDistanceCallbackPeriod[].

BrickletDistanceIR@SetAnalogValueCallbackPeriod[period] → Null
Parameters:
  • period -- Integer

Sets the period in ms with which the AnalogValueCallback callback is triggered periodically. A value of 0 turns the callback off.

The AnalogValueCallback callback is only triggered if the analog value has changed since the last triggering.

The default value is 0.

BrickletDistanceIR@GetAnalogValueCallbackPeriod[] → period
Returns:
  • period -- Integer

Returns the period as set by SetAnalogValueCallbackPeriod[].

BrickletDistanceIR@SetDistanceCallbackThreshold[option, min, max] → Null
Parameters:
  • option -- Integer
  • min -- Integer
  • max -- Integer

Sets the thresholds for the DistanceReachedCallback callback.

The following options are possible:

Option Description
'x' Callback is turned off
'o' Callback is triggered when the distance is outside the min and max values
'i' Callback is triggered when the distance is inside the min and max values
'<' Callback is triggered when the distance is smaller than the min value (max is ignored)
'>' Callback is triggered when the distance is greater than the min value (max is ignored)

The default value is ('x', 0, 0).

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUOFF = ToCharacterCode["x"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUOUTSIDE = ToCharacterCode["o"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUINSIDE = ToCharacterCode["i"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUSMALLER = ToCharacterCode["<"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUGREATER = ToCharacterCode[">"][[0]]
BrickletDistanceIR@GetDistanceCallbackThreshold[out option, out min, out max] → Null
Parameters:
  • option -- Integer
  • min -- Integer
  • max -- Integer

Returns the threshold as set by SetDistanceCallbackThreshold[].

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUOFF = ToCharacterCode["x"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUOUTSIDE = ToCharacterCode["o"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUINSIDE = ToCharacterCode["i"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUSMALLER = ToCharacterCode["<"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUGREATER = ToCharacterCode[">"][[0]]
BrickletDistanceIR@SetAnalogValueCallbackThreshold[option, min, max] → Null
Parameters:
  • option -- Integer
  • min -- Integer
  • max -- Integer

Sets the thresholds for the AnalogValueReachedCallback callback.

The following options are possible:

Option Description
'x' Callback is turned off
'o' Callback is triggered when the analog value is outside the min and max values
'i' Callback is triggered when the analog value is inside the min and max values
'<' Callback is triggered when the analog value is smaller than the min value (max is ignored)
'>' Callback is triggered when the analog value is greater than the min value (max is ignored)

The default value is ('x', 0, 0).

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUOFF = ToCharacterCode["x"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUOUTSIDE = ToCharacterCode["o"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUINSIDE = ToCharacterCode["i"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUSMALLER = ToCharacterCode["<"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUGREATER = ToCharacterCode[">"][[0]]
BrickletDistanceIR@GetAnalogValueCallbackThreshold[out option, out min, out max] → Null
Parameters:
  • option -- Integer
  • min -- Integer
  • max -- Integer

Returns the threshold as set by SetAnalogValueCallbackThreshold[].

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUOFF = ToCharacterCode["x"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUOUTSIDE = ToCharacterCode["o"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUINSIDE = ToCharacterCode["i"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUSMALLER = ToCharacterCode["<"][[0]]
  • BrickletDistanceIR`THRESHOLDUOPTIONUGREATER = ToCharacterCode[">"][[0]]
BrickletDistanceIR@SetDebouncePeriod[debounce] → Null
Parameters:
  • debounce -- Integer

Sets the period in ms with which the threshold callbacks

are triggered, if the thresholds

keep being reached.

The default value is 100.

BrickletDistanceIR@GetDebouncePeriod[] → debounce
Returns:
  • debounce -- Integer

Returns the debounce period as set by SetDebouncePeriod[].

Callbacks

Callbacks can be registered to receive time critical or recurring data from the device. The registration is done by assigning a function to a callback property of the device object:

MyCallback[sender_,value_]:=Print["Value: "<>ToString[value]]

AddEventHandler[distanceIR@ExampleCallback,MyCallback]

For further information about event handling using .NET/Link see the corresponding Mathematica .NET/Link documentation.

The available callback property and their type of parameters are described below.

Note

Using callbacks for recurring events is always preferred compared to using getters. It will use less USB bandwidth and the latency will be a lot better, since there is no round trip time.

event BrickletDistanceIR@DistanceCallback[sender, distance]
Parameters:
  • sender -- NETObject[BrickletDistanceIR]
  • distance -- Integer

This callback is triggered periodically with the period that is set by SetDistanceCallbackPeriod[]. The parameter is the distance of the sensor.

The DistanceCallback callback is only triggered if the distance has changed since the last triggering.

event BrickletDistanceIR@AnalogValueCallback[sender, value]
Parameters:
  • sender -- NETObject[BrickletDistanceIR]
  • value -- Integer

This callback is triggered periodically with the period that is set by SetAnalogValueCallbackPeriod[]. The parameter is the analog value of the sensor.

The AnalogValueCallback callback is only triggered if the analog value has changed since the last triggering.

event BrickletDistanceIR@DistanceReachedCallback[sender, distance]
Parameters:
  • sender -- NETObject[BrickletDistanceIR]
  • distance -- Integer

This callback is triggered when the threshold as set by SetDistanceCallbackThreshold[] is reached. The parameter is the distance of the sensor.

If the threshold keeps being reached, the callback is triggered periodically with the period as set by SetDebouncePeriod[].

event BrickletDistanceIR@AnalogValueReachedCallback[sender, value]
Parameters:
  • sender -- NETObject[BrickletDistanceIR]
  • value -- Integer

This callback is triggered when the threshold as set by SetAnalogValueCallbackThreshold[] is reached. The parameter is the analog value of the sensor.

If the threshold keeps being reached, the callback is triggered periodically with the period as set by SetDebouncePeriod[].

Constants

BrickletDistanceIR`DEVICEUIDENTIFIER

This constant is used to identify a Distance IR Bricklet.

The GetIdentity[] function and the EnumerateCallback callback of the IP Connection have a deviceIdentifier parameter to specify the Brick's or Bricklet's type.

BrickletDistanceIR`DEVICEDISPLAYNAME

This constant represents the human readable name of a Distance IR Bricklet.