Mathematica - One Wire Bricklet

This is the description of the Mathematica API bindings for the One Wire Bricklet. General information and technical specifications for the One Wire Bricklet are summarized in its hardware description.

An installation guide for the Mathematica API bindings is part of their general description.

Examples

The example code below is Public Domain (CC0 1.0).

Read DS 18B 20Temperature

Download (ExampleReadDS18B20Temperature.nb)

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Needs["NETLink`"]
LoadNETAssembly["Tinkerforge",NotebookDirectory[]<>"../../.."]

host="localhost"
port=4223
uid="XYZ"(*Change XYZ to the UID of your One Wire Bricklet*)

(*Create IPConnection and device object*)
ipcon=NETNew["Tinkerforge.IPConnection"]
ow=NETNew["Tinkerforge.BrickletOneWire",uid,ipcon]
ipcon@Connect[host,port]

ow@WriteCommand[0,78](*WRITE SCRATCHPAD*)
ow@Write[0](*ALARM H (unused)*)
ow@Write[0](*ALARM L (unused)*)
ow@Write[127](*CONFIGURATION: 12 bit mode*)

(*Read temperature 10 times*)
For[i=0,i<10,i++,
 ow@WriteCommand[0,68];(*CONVERT T (start temperature conversion)*)
 Pause[1];(*Wait for conversion to finish*)
 ow@WriteCommand[0,190];(*READ SCRATCHPAD*)

 tLow=0;tHigh=0;status=0
 ow@Read[tLow,status]
 ow@Read[tHigh,status]
 temperature = BitOr[tLow,BitShiftLeft[tHigh,8]]/16

 Print["Temperature: "<>ToString[temperature]<>" °C"]
]

(*Clean up*)
ipcon@Disconnect[]
ReleaseNETObject[ow]
ReleaseNETObject[ipcon]

API

Generally, every method of the Mathematica bindings that returns a value can throw a Tinkerforge.TimeoutException. This exception gets thrown if the device did not respond. If a cable based connection is used, it is unlikely that this exception gets thrown (assuming nobody plugs the device out). However, if a wireless connection is used, timeouts will occur if the distance to the device gets too big.

Since .NET/Link does not support multiple return values directly, we use the out keyword to return multiple values from a method. For further information about the out keyword in .NET/Link see the corresponding Mathematica .NET/Link documentation.

The namespace for all Brick/Bricklet bindings and the IPConnection is Tinkerforge.*.

Basic Functions

BrickletOneWire[uid, ipcon] → oneWire
Parameters:
  • uid -- String
  • ipcon -- NETObject[IPConnection]
Returns:
  • oneWire -- NETObject[BrickletOneWire]

Creates an object with the unique device ID uid:

oneWire=NETNew["Tinkerforge.BrickletOneWire","YOUR_DEVICE_UID",ipcon]

This object can then be used after the IP Connection is connected (see examples above).

The .NET runtime has built-in garbage collection that frees objects that are no longer in use by a program. But because Mathematica can not automatically tell when a Mathematica "program" doesn't use a .NET object anymore, this has to be done by the program. For this the ReleaseNETObject[] function is used in the examples.

For further information about object management in .NET/Link see the corresponding Mathematica .NET/Link documentation.

BrickletOneWire@SearchBus[out {identifier1, identifier2, ...}, out status] → Null
Parameters:
  • identifieri -- Integer
  • status -- Integer

Returns a list of up to 64 identifiers of the connected 1-Wire devices. Each identifier is 64-bit and consists of 8-bit family code, 48-bit ID and 8-bit CRC.

To get these identifiers the Bricklet runs the SEARCH ROM algorithm, as defined by Maxim.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUOK = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUBUSY = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUNOUPRESENCE = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUTIMEOUT = 3
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUERROR = 4
BrickletOneWire@ResetBus[] → status
Returns:
  • status -- Integer

Resets the bus with the 1-Wire reset operation.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUOK = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUBUSY = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUNOUPRESENCE = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUTIMEOUT = 3
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUERROR = 4
BrickletOneWire@Write[data] → status
Parameters:
  • data -- Integer
Returns:
  • status -- Integer

Writes a byte of data to the 1-Wire bus.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUOK = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUBUSY = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUNOUPRESENCE = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUTIMEOUT = 3
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUERROR = 4
BrickletOneWire@Read[out data, out status] → Null
Parameters:
  • data -- Integer
  • status -- Integer

Reads a byte of data from the 1-Wire bus.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUOK = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUBUSY = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUNOUPRESENCE = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUTIMEOUT = 3
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUERROR = 4
BrickletOneWire@WriteCommand[identifier, command] → status
Parameters:
  • identifier -- Integer
  • command -- Integer
Returns:
  • status -- Integer

Writes a command to the 1-Wire device with the given identifier. You can obtain the identifier by calling SearchBus[]. The MATCH ROM operation is used to write the command.

If you only have one device connected or want to broadcast to all devices you can set the identifier to 0. In this case the SKIP ROM operation is used to write the command.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUOK = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUBUSY = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUNOUPRESENCE = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUTIMEOUT = 3
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSUERROR = 4

Advanced Functions

BrickletOneWire@SetCommunicationLEDConfig[config] → Null
Parameters:
  • config -- Integer

Sets the communication LED configuration. By default the LED shows 1-wire communication traffic by flickering.

You can also turn the LED permanently on/off or show a heartbeat.

If the Bricklet is in bootloader mode, the LED is off.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`COMMUNICATIONULEDUCONFIGUOFF = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`COMMUNICATIONULEDUCONFIGUON = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`COMMUNICATIONULEDUCONFIGUSHOWUHEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`COMMUNICATIONULEDUCONFIGUSHOWUCOMMUNICATION = 3
BrickletOneWire@GetCommunicationLEDConfig[] → config
Returns:
  • config -- Integer

Returns the configuration as set by SetCommunicationLEDConfig[]

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`COMMUNICATIONULEDUCONFIGUOFF = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`COMMUNICATIONULEDUCONFIGUON = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`COMMUNICATIONULEDUCONFIGUSHOWUHEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`COMMUNICATIONULEDUCONFIGUSHOWUCOMMUNICATION = 3
BrickletOneWire@GetAPIVersion[] → {apiVersion1, apiVersion2, apiVersion3}
Returns:
  • apiVersioni -- Integer

Returns the version of the API definition (major, minor, revision) implemented by this API bindings. This is neither the release version of this API bindings nor does it tell you anything about the represented Brick or Bricklet.

BrickletOneWire@GetResponseExpected[functionId] → responseExpected
Parameters:
  • functionId -- Integer
Returns:
  • responseExpected -- True/False

Returns the response expected flag for the function specified by the function ID parameter. It is true if the function is expected to send a response, false otherwise.

For getter functions this is enabled by default and cannot be disabled, because those functions will always send a response. For callback configuration functions it is enabled by default too, but can be disabled by SetResponseExpected[]. For setter functions it is disabled by default and can be enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

See SetResponseExpected[] for the list of function ID constants available for this function.

BrickletOneWire@SetResponseExpected[functionId, responseExpected] → Null
Parameters:
  • functionId -- Integer
  • responseExpected -- True/False

Changes the response expected flag of the function specified by the function ID parameter. This flag can only be changed for setter (default value: false) and callback configuration functions (default value: true). For getter functions it is always enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following function ID constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`FUNCTIONUSETUCOMMUNICATIONULEDUCONFIG = 6
  • BrickletOneWire`FUNCTIONUSETUWRITEUFIRMWAREUPOINTER = 237
  • BrickletOneWire`FUNCTIONUSETUSTATUSULEDUCONFIG = 239
  • BrickletOneWire`FUNCTIONURESET = 243
  • BrickletOneWire`FUNCTIONUWRITEUUID = 248
BrickletOneWire@SetResponseExpectedAll[responseExpected] → Null
Parameters:
  • responseExpected -- True/False

Changes the response expected flag for all setter and callback configuration functions of this device at once.

BrickletOneWire@GetSPITFPErrorCount[out errorCountAckChecksum, out errorCountMessageChecksum, out errorCountFrame, out errorCountOverflow] → Null
Parameters:
  • errorCountAckChecksum -- Integer
  • errorCountMessageChecksum -- Integer
  • errorCountFrame -- Integer
  • errorCountOverflow -- Integer

Returns the error count for the communication between Brick and Bricklet.

The errors are divided into

  • ACK checksum errors,
  • message checksum errors,
  • framing errors and
  • overflow errors.

The errors counts are for errors that occur on the Bricklet side. All Bricks have a similar function that returns the errors on the Brick side.

BrickletOneWire@SetBootloaderMode[mode] → status
Parameters:
  • mode -- Integer
Returns:
  • status -- Integer

Sets the bootloader mode and returns the status after the requested mode change was instigated.

You can change from bootloader mode to firmware mode and vice versa. A change from bootloader mode to firmware mode will only take place if the entry function, device identifier and CRC are present and correct.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUMODEUBOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUMODEUFIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUMODEUBOOTLOADERUWAITUFORUREBOOT = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUMODEUFIRMWAREUWAITUFORUREBOOT = 3
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUMODEUFIRMWAREUWAITUFORUERASEUANDUREBOOT = 4
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUSTATUSUOK = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUSTATUSUINVALIDUMODE = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUSTATUSUNOUCHANGE = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUSTATUSUENTRYUFUNCTIONUNOTUPRESENT = 3
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUSTATUSUDEVICEUIDENTIFIERUINCORRECT = 4
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUSTATUSUCRCUMISMATCH = 5
BrickletOneWire@GetBootloaderMode[] → mode
Returns:
  • mode -- Integer

Returns the current bootloader mode, see SetBootloaderMode[].

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUMODEUBOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUMODEUFIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUMODEUBOOTLOADERUWAITUFORUREBOOT = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUMODEUFIRMWAREUWAITUFORUREBOOT = 3
  • BrickletOneWire`BOOTLOADERUMODEUFIRMWAREUWAITUFORUERASEUANDUREBOOT = 4
BrickletOneWire@SetWriteFirmwarePointer[pointer] → Null
Parameters:
  • pointer -- Integer

Sets the firmware pointer for WriteFirmware[]. The pointer has to be increased by chunks of size 64. The data is written to flash every 4 chunks (which equals to one page of size 256).

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

BrickletOneWire@WriteFirmware[{data1, data2, ..., data64}] → status
Parameters:
  • datai -- Integer
Returns:
  • status -- Integer

Writes 64 Bytes of firmware at the position as written by SetWriteFirmwarePointer[] before. The firmware is written to flash every 4 chunks.

You can only write firmware in bootloader mode.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

BrickletOneWire@SetStatusLEDConfig[config] → Null
Parameters:
  • config -- Integer

Sets the status LED configuration. By default the LED shows communication traffic between Brick and Bricklet, it flickers once for every 10 received data packets.

You can also turn the LED permanently on/off or show a heartbeat.

If the Bricklet is in bootloader mode, the LED is will show heartbeat by default.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSULEDUCONFIGUOFF = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSULEDUCONFIGUON = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSULEDUCONFIGUSHOWUHEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSULEDUCONFIGUSHOWUSTATUS = 3
BrickletOneWire@GetStatusLEDConfig[] → config
Returns:
  • config -- Integer

Returns the configuration as set by SetStatusLEDConfig[]

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSULEDUCONFIGUOFF = 0
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSULEDUCONFIGUON = 1
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSULEDUCONFIGUSHOWUHEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletOneWire`STATUSULEDUCONFIGUSHOWUSTATUS = 3
BrickletOneWire@GetChipTemperature[] → temperature
Returns:
  • temperature -- Integer

Returns the temperature in °C as measured inside the microcontroller. The value returned is not the ambient temperature!

The temperature is only proportional to the real temperature and it has bad accuracy. Practically it is only useful as an indicator for temperature changes.

BrickletOneWire@Reset[] → Null

Calling this function will reset the Bricklet. All configurations will be lost.

After a reset you have to create new device objects, calling functions on the existing ones will result in undefined behavior!

BrickletOneWire@WriteUID[uid] → Null
Parameters:
  • uid -- Integer

Writes a new UID into flash. If you want to set a new UID you have to decode the Base58 encoded UID string into an integer first.

We recommend that you use Brick Viewer to change the UID.

BrickletOneWire@ReadUID[] → uid
Returns:
  • uid -- Integer

Returns the current UID as an integer. Encode as Base58 to get the usual string version.

BrickletOneWire@GetIdentity[out uid, out connectedUid, out position, out {hardwareVersion1, hardwareVersion2, hardwareVersion3}, out {firmwareVersion1, firmwareVersion2, firmwareVersion3}, out deviceIdentifier] → Null
Parameters:
  • uid -- String
  • connectedUid -- String
  • position -- Integer
  • hardwareVersioni -- Integer
  • firmwareVersioni -- Integer
  • deviceIdentifier -- Integer

Returns the UID, the UID where the Bricklet is connected to, the position, the hardware and firmware version as well as the device identifier.

The position can be 'a', 'b', 'c' or 'd'.

The device identifier numbers can be found here. There is also a constant for the device identifier of this Bricklet.

Constants

BrickletOneWire`DEVICEUIDENTIFIER

This constant is used to identify a One Wire Bricklet.

The GetIdentity[] function and the EnumerateCallback callback of the IP Connection have a deviceIdentifier parameter to specify the Brick's or Bricklet's type.

BrickletOneWire`DEVICEDISPLAYNAME

This constant represents the human readable name of a One Wire Bricklet.