Perl - Tilt Bricklet

This is the description of the Perl API bindings for the Tilt Bricklet. General information and technical specifications for the Tilt Bricklet are summarized in its hardware description.

An installation guide for the Perl API bindings is part of their general description.

Examples

The example code below is Public Domain (CC0 1.0).

Simple

Download (example_simple.pl)

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#!/usr/bin/perl

use strict;
use Tinkerforge::IPConnection;
use Tinkerforge::BrickletTilt;

use constant HOST => 'localhost';
use constant PORT => 4223;
use constant UID => 'XYZ'; # Change XYZ to the UID of your Tilt Bricklet

my $ipcon = Tinkerforge::IPConnection->new(); # Create IP connection
my $t = Tinkerforge::BrickletTilt->new(&UID, $ipcon); # Create device object

$ipcon->connect(&HOST, &PORT); # Connect to brickd
# Don't use device before ipcon is connected

# Get current tilt state
my $state = $t->get_tilt_state();

if ($state == $t->TILT_STATE_CLOSED)
{
    print "Tilt State: Closed\n";
}
elsif ($state == $t->TILT_STATE_OPEN)
{
    print "Tilt State: Open\n";
}
elsif ($state == $t->TILT_STATE_CLOSED_VIBRATING)
{
    print "Tilt State: Closed Vibrating\n";
}

print "Press key to exit\n";
<STDIN>;
$ipcon->disconnect();

Callback

Download (example_callback.pl)

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#!/usr/bin/perl

use strict;
use Tinkerforge::IPConnection;
use Tinkerforge::BrickletTilt;

use constant HOST => 'localhost';
use constant PORT => 4223;
use constant UID => 'XYZ'; # Change XYZ to the UID of your Tilt Bricklet

# Callback subroutine for tilt state callback
sub cb_tilt_state
{
    my ($state) = @_;

    if ($state == Tinkerforge::BrickletTilt->TILT_STATE_CLOSED)
    {
        print "Tilt State: Closed\n";
    }
    elsif ($state == Tinkerforge::BrickletTilt->TILT_STATE_OPEN)
    {
        print "Tilt State: Open\n";
    }
    elsif ($state == Tinkerforge::BrickletTilt->TILT_STATE_CLOSED_VIBRATING)
    {
        print "Tilt State: Closed Vibrating\n";
    }
}

my $ipcon = Tinkerforge::IPConnection->new(); # Create IP connection
my $t = Tinkerforge::BrickletTilt->new(&UID, $ipcon); # Create device object

$ipcon->connect(&HOST, &PORT); # Connect to brickd
# Don't use device before ipcon is connected

# Enable tilt state callback
$t->enable_tilt_state_callback();

# Register tilt state callback to subroutine cb_tilt_state
$t->register_callback($t->CALLBACK_TILT_STATE, 'cb_tilt_state');

print "Press key to exit\n";
<STDIN>;
$ipcon->disconnect();

API

Generally, every subroutine of the Perl bindings can report an error as Tinkerforge::Error object via croak(). The object has a get_code() and a get_message() subroutine. There are different error code:

  • Error->ALREADY_CONNECTED = 11
  • Error->NOT_CONNECTED = 12
  • Error->CONNECT_FAILED = 13
  • Error->INVALID_FUNCTION_ID = 21
  • Error->TIMEOUT = 31
  • Error->INVALID_PARAMETER = 41
  • Error->FUNCTION_NOT_SUPPORTED = 42
  • Error->UNKNOWN_ERROR = 43

All methods listed below are thread-safe.

Basic Functions

BrickletTilt->new($uid, $ipcon)
Parameters:
  • $uid -- string
  • $ipcon -- IPConnection
Return type:

BrickletTilt

Creates an object with the unique device ID $uid:

$tilt = BrickletTilt->new("YOUR_DEVICE_UID", $ipcon);

This object can then be used after the IP Connection is connected (see examples above).

BrickletTilt->get_tilt_state()
Return type:int

Returns the current tilt state. The state can either be

  • 0 = Closed: The ball in the tilt switch closes the circuit.
  • 1 = Open: The ball in the tilt switch does not close the circuit.
  • 2 = Closed Vibrating: The tilt switch is in motion (rapid change between open and close).
Tilt states

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletTilt->TILT_STATE_CLOSED = 0
  • BrickletTilt->TILT_STATE_OPEN = 1
  • BrickletTilt->TILT_STATE_CLOSED_VIBRATING = 2

Advanced Functions

BrickletTilt->get_api_version()
Return type:[int, int, int]

Returns the version of the API definition (major, minor, revision) implemented by this API bindings. This is neither the release version of this API bindings nor does it tell you anything about the represented Brick or Bricklet.

BrickletTilt->get_response_expected($function_id)
Parameters:$function_id -- int
Return type:bool

Returns the response expected flag for the function specified by the function ID parameter. It is true if the function is expected to send a response, false otherwise.

For getter functions this is enabled by default and cannot be disabled, because those functions will always send a response. For callback configuration functions it is enabled by default too, but can be disabled by set_response_expected(). For setter functions it is disabled by default and can be enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

See set_response_expected() for the list of function ID constants available for this function.

BrickletTilt->set_response_expected($function_id, $response_expected)
Parameters:
  • $function_id -- int
  • $response_expected -- bool
Return type:

undef

Changes the response expected flag of the function specified by the function ID parameter. This flag can only be changed for setter (default value: false) and callback configuration functions (default value: true). For getter functions it is always enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following function ID constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletTilt->FUNCTION_ENABLE_TILT_STATE_CALLBACK = 2
  • BrickletTilt->FUNCTION_DISABLE_TILT_STATE_CALLBACK = 3
BrickletTilt->set_response_expected_all($response_expected)
Parameters:$response_expected -- bool
Return type:undef

Changes the response expected flag for all setter and callback configuration functions of this device at once.

BrickletTilt->get_identity()
Return type:[string, string, char, [int, int, int], [int, int, int], int]

Returns the UID, the UID where the Bricklet is connected to, the position, the hardware and firmware version as well as the device identifier.

The position can be 'a', 'b', 'c' or 'd'.

The device identifier numbers can be found here. There is also a constant for the device identifier of this Bricklet.

The returned array contains the elements uid, connected_uid, position, hardware_version, firmware_version and device_identifier.

Callback Configuration Functions

BrickletTilt->register_callback($id, $callback)
Parameters:
  • $id -- int
  • $callback -- string
Return type:

undef

Registers the given $function name with the given $callback_id.

The available callback IDs with corresponding function signatures are listed below.

BrickletTilt->enable_tilt_state_callback()
Return type:undef

Enables the CALLBACK_TILT_STATE callback.

BrickletTilt->disable_tilt_state_callback()
Return type:undef

Disables the CALLBACK_TILT_STATE callback.

BrickletTilt->is_tilt_state_callback_enabled()
Return type:bool

Returns true if the CALLBACK_TILT_STATE callback is enabled.

Callbacks

Callbacks can be registered to receive time critical or recurring data from the device. The registration is done with the register_callback() function of the device object. The first parameter is the callback ID and the second parameter the callback function name:

sub my_callback
{
    print "@_[0]";
}

$tilt->register_callback(BrickletTilt->CALLBACK_EXAMPLE, 'my_callback')

The callback function will be called from an internal thread of the IP Connection. In contrast to many other programming languages, variables are not automatically shared between threads in Perl. If you want to share a global variable between a callback function and the rest for your program it has to be marked as :shared. See the documentation of the threads::shared Perl module for more details.

The available constants with inherent number and type of parameters are described below.

Note

Using callbacks for recurring events is always preferred compared to using getters. It will use less USB bandwidth and the latency will be a lot better, since there is no round trip time.

BrickletTilt->CALLBACK_TILT_STATE
Parameters:$state -- int

This callback provides the current tilt state. It is called every time the state changes.

See get_tilt_state() for a description of the states.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletTilt->TILT_STATE_CLOSED = 0
  • BrickletTilt->TILT_STATE_OPEN = 1
  • BrickletTilt->TILT_STATE_CLOSED_VIBRATING = 2

Constants

BrickletTilt->DEVICE_IDENTIFIER

This constant is used to identify a Tilt Bricklet.

The get_identity() function and the CALLBACK_ENUMERATE callback of the IP Connection have a device_identifier parameter to specify the Brick's or Bricklet's type.

BrickletTilt->DEVICE_DISPLAY_NAME

This constant represents the human readable name of a Tilt Bricklet.