Java - Color Bricklet 2.0

This is the description of the Java API bindings for the Color Bricklet 2.0. General information and technical specifications for the Color Bricklet 2.0 are summarized in its hardware description.

An installation guide for the Java API bindings is part of their general description.

Examples

The example code below is Public Domain (CC0 1.0).

Simple

Download (ExampleSimple.java)

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import com.tinkerforge.IPConnection;
import com.tinkerforge.BrickletColorV2;
import com.tinkerforge.BrickletColorV2.Color;

public class ExampleSimple {
    private static final String HOST = "localhost";
    private static final int PORT = 4223;

    // Change XYZ to the UID of your Color Bricklet 2.0
    private static final String UID = "XYZ";

    // Note: To make the example code cleaner we do not handle exceptions. Exceptions
    //       you might normally want to catch are described in the documentation
    public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception {
        IPConnection ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
        BrickletColorV2 c = new BrickletColorV2(UID, ipcon); // Create device object

        ipcon.connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
        // Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        // Get current color
        Color color = c.getColor(); // Can throw com.tinkerforge.TimeoutException

        System.out.println("Color [R]: " + color.r);
        System.out.println("Color [G]: " + color.g);
        System.out.println("Color [B]: " + color.b);
        System.out.println("Color [C]: " + color.c);

        System.out.println("Press key to exit"); System.in.read();
        ipcon.disconnect();
    }
}

Callback

Download (ExampleCallback.java)

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import com.tinkerforge.IPConnection;
import com.tinkerforge.BrickletColorV2;

public class ExampleCallback {
    private static final String HOST = "localhost";
    private static final int PORT = 4223;

    // Change XYZ to the UID of your Color Bricklet 2.0
    private static final String UID = "XYZ";

    // Note: To make the example code cleaner we do not handle exceptions. Exceptions
    //       you might normally want to catch are described in the documentation
    public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception {
        IPConnection ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
        BrickletColorV2 c = new BrickletColorV2(UID, ipcon); // Create device object

        ipcon.connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
        // Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        // Add color listener
        c.addColorListener(new BrickletColorV2.ColorListener() {
            public void color(int r, int g, int b, int c) {
                System.out.println("Color [R]: " + r);
                System.out.println("Color [G]: " + g);
                System.out.println("Color [B]: " + b);
                System.out.println("Color [C]: " + c);
                System.out.println("");
            }
        });

        // Set period for color callback to 0.1s (100ms)
        c.setColorCallbackConfiguration(100, false);

        System.out.println("Press key to exit"); System.in.read();
        ipcon.disconnect();
    }
}

API

Generally, every method of the Java bindings that returns a value can throw a TimeoutException. This exception gets thrown if the device did not respond. If a cable based connection is used, it is unlikely that this exception gets thrown (assuming nobody unplugs the device). However, if a wireless connection is used, timeouts will occur if the distance to the device gets too big.

Beside the TimeoutException there is also a NotConnectedException that is thrown if a method needs to communicate with the device while the IP Connection is not connected.

Since Java does not support multiple return values and return by reference is not possible for primitive types, we use small classes that only consist of member variables. The member variables of the returned objects are described in the corresponding method descriptions.

The package for all Brick/Bricklet bindings and the IP Connection is com.tinkerforge.*

All methods listed below are thread-safe.

Basic Functions

class BrickletColorV2(String uid, IPConnection ipcon)

Creates an object with the unique device ID uid:

BrickletColorV2 colorV2 = new BrickletColorV2("YOUR_DEVICE_UID", ipcon);

This object can then be used after the IP Connection is connected (see examples above).

BrickletColorV2.Color BrickletColorV2.getColor()

Returns the measured color of the sensor. The values have a range of 0 to 65535.

The red (r), green (g), blue (b) and clear (c) colors are measured with four different photodiodes that are responsive at different wavelengths:

Chart Responsivity / Wavelength

If you want to get the color periodically, it is recommended to use the ColorListener listener and set the period with setColorCallbackConfiguration().

The returned object has the public member variables int r, int g, int b and int c.

long BrickletColorV2.getIlluminance()

Returns the illuminance affected by the gain and integration time as set by setConfiguration(). To get the illuminance in Lux apply this formula:

lux = illuminance * 700 / gain / integration_time

To get a correct illuminance measurement make sure that the color values themselves are not saturated. The color value (R, G or B) is saturated if it is equal to the maximum value of 65535. In that case you have to reduce the gain, see setConfiguration().

If you want to get the value periodically, it is recommended to use the IlluminanceListener listener. You can set the listener configuration with setIlluminanceCallbackConfiguration().

int BrickletColorV2.getColorTemperature()

Returns the color temperature in Kelvin.

To get a correct color temperature measurement make sure that the color values themselves are not saturated. The color value (R, G or B) is saturated if it is equal to the maximum value of 65535. In that case you have to reduce the gain, see setConfiguration().

If you want to get the value periodically, it is recommended to use the ColorTemperatureListener listener. You can set the listener configuration with setColorTemperatureCallbackConfiguration().

void BrickletColorV2.setLight(boolean enable)

Turns the white LED on the Bricklet on/off.

boolean BrickletColorV2.getLight()

Returns the value as set by setLight().

void BrickletColorV2.setConfiguration(int gain, int integrationTime)

Sets the configuration of the sensor. Gain and integration time can be configured this way.

For configuring the gain:

  • 0: 1x Gain
  • 1: 4x Gain
  • 2: 16x Gain
  • 3: 60x Gain

For configuring the integration time:

  • 0: 2.4ms
  • 1: 24ms
  • 2: 101ms
  • 3: 154ms
  • 4: 700ms

Increasing the gain enables the sensor to detect a color from a higher distance.

The integration time provides a trade-off between conversion time and accuracy. With a longer integration time the values read will be more accurate but it will take longer to get the conversion results.

The default values are 60x gain and 154ms integration time.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.GAIN_1X = 0
  • BrickletColorV2.GAIN_4X = 1
  • BrickletColorV2.GAIN_16X = 2
  • BrickletColorV2.GAIN_60X = 3
  • BrickletColorV2.INTEGRATION_TIME_2MS = 0
  • BrickletColorV2.INTEGRATION_TIME_24MS = 1
  • BrickletColorV2.INTEGRATION_TIME_101MS = 2
  • BrickletColorV2.INTEGRATION_TIME_154MS = 3
  • BrickletColorV2.INTEGRATION_TIME_700MS = 4
BrickletColorV2.Configuration BrickletColorV2.getConfiguration()

Returns the configuration as set by setConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.GAIN_1X = 0
  • BrickletColorV2.GAIN_4X = 1
  • BrickletColorV2.GAIN_16X = 2
  • BrickletColorV2.GAIN_60X = 3
  • BrickletColorV2.INTEGRATION_TIME_2MS = 0
  • BrickletColorV2.INTEGRATION_TIME_24MS = 1
  • BrickletColorV2.INTEGRATION_TIME_101MS = 2
  • BrickletColorV2.INTEGRATION_TIME_154MS = 3
  • BrickletColorV2.INTEGRATION_TIME_700MS = 4

The returned object has the public member variables int gain and int integrationTime.

Advanced Functions

int[] BrickletColorV2.getAPIVersion()

Returns the version of the API definition (major, minor, revision) implemented by this API bindings. This is neither the release version of this API bindings nor does it tell you anything about the represented Brick or Bricklet.

boolean BrickletColorV2.getResponseExpected(int functionId)

Returns the response expected flag for the function specified by the function ID parameter. It is true if the function is expected to send a response, false otherwise.

For getter functions this is enabled by default and cannot be disabled, because those functions will always send a response. For listener configuration functions it is enabled by default too, but can be disabled by setResponseExpected(). For setter functions it is disabled by default and can be enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_COLOR_CALLBACK_CONFIGURATION = 2
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_ILLUMINANCE_CALLBACK_CONFIGURATION = 6
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_COLOR_TEMPERATURE_CALLBACK_CONFIGURATION = 10
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_LIGHT = 13
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_CONFIGURATION = 15
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_WRITE_FIRMWARE_POINTER = 237
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_STATUS_LED_CONFIG = 239
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_RESET = 243
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_WRITE_UID = 248
void BrickletColorV2.setResponseExpected(int functionId, boolean responseExpected)

Changes the response expected flag of the function specified by the function ID parameter. This flag can only be changed for setter (default value: false) and listener configuration functions (default value: true). For getter functions it is always enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_COLOR_CALLBACK_CONFIGURATION = 2
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_ILLUMINANCE_CALLBACK_CONFIGURATION = 6
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_COLOR_TEMPERATURE_CALLBACK_CONFIGURATION = 10
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_LIGHT = 13
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_CONFIGURATION = 15
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_WRITE_FIRMWARE_POINTER = 237
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_SET_STATUS_LED_CONFIG = 239
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_RESET = 243
  • BrickletColorV2.FUNCTION_WRITE_UID = 248
void BrickletColorV2.setResponseExpectedAll(boolean responseExpected)

Changes the response expected flag for all setter and listener configuration functions of this device at once.

BrickletColorV2.SPITFPErrorCount BrickletColorV2.getSPITFPErrorCount()

Returns the error count for the communication between Brick and Bricklet.

The errors are divided into

  • ACK checksum errors,
  • message checksum errors,
  • framing errors and
  • overflow errors.

The errors counts are for errors that occur on the Bricklet side. All Bricks have a similar function that returns the errors on the Brick side.

The returned object has the public member variables long errorCountAckChecksum, long errorCountMessageChecksum, long errorCountFrame and long errorCountOverflow.

int BrickletColorV2.setBootloaderMode(int mode)

Sets the bootloader mode and returns the status after the requested mode change was instigated.

You can change from bootloader mode to firmware mode and vice versa. A change from bootloader mode to firmware mode will only take place if the entry function, device identifier and CRC are present and correct.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 2
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 3
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_ERASE_AND_REBOOT = 4
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_OK = 0
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_INVALID_MODE = 1
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_NO_CHANGE = 2
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_ENTRY_FUNCTION_NOT_PRESENT = 3
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_DEVICE_IDENTIFIER_INCORRECT = 4
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_CRC_MISMATCH = 5
int BrickletColorV2.getBootloaderMode()

Returns the current bootloader mode, see setBootloaderMode().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 2
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 3
  • BrickletColorV2.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_ERASE_AND_REBOOT = 4
void BrickletColorV2.setWriteFirmwarePointer(long pointer)

Sets the firmware pointer for writeFirmware(). The pointer has to be increased by chunks of size 64. The data is written to flash every 4 chunks (which equals to one page of size 256).

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

int BrickletColorV2.writeFirmware(int[] data)

Writes 64 Bytes of firmware at the position as written by setWriteFirmwarePointer() before. The firmware is written to flash every 4 chunks.

You can only write firmware in bootloader mode.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

void BrickletColorV2.setStatusLEDConfig(int config)

Sets the status LED configuration. By default the LED shows communication traffic between Brick and Bricklet, it flickers once for every 10 received data packets.

You can also turn the LED permanently on/off or show a heartbeat.

If the Bricklet is in bootloader mode, the LED is will show heartbeat by default.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletColorV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletColorV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletColorV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_STATUS = 3
int BrickletColorV2.getStatusLEDConfig()

Returns the configuration as set by setStatusLEDConfig()

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletColorV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletColorV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletColorV2.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_STATUS = 3
int BrickletColorV2.getChipTemperature()

Returns the temperature in °C as measured inside the microcontroller. The value returned is not the ambient temperature!

The temperature is only proportional to the real temperature and it has bad accuracy. Practically it is only useful as an indicator for temperature changes.

void BrickletColorV2.reset()

Calling this function will reset the Bricklet. All configurations will be lost.

After a reset you have to create new device objects, calling functions on the existing ones will result in undefined behavior!

void BrickletColorV2.writeUID(long uid)

Writes a new UID into flash. If you want to set a new UID you have to decode the Base58 encoded UID string into an integer first.

We recommend that you use Brick Viewer to change the UID.

long BrickletColorV2.readUID()

Returns the current UID as an integer. Encode as Base58 to get the usual string version.

BrickletColorV2.Identity BrickletColorV2.getIdentity()

Returns the UID, the UID where the Bricklet is connected to, the position, the hardware and firmware version as well as the device identifier.

The position can be 'a', 'b', 'c' or 'd'.

The device identifier numbers can be found here. There is also a constant for the device identifier of this Bricklet.

The returned object has the public member variables String uid, String connectedUid, char position, int[] hardwareVersion, int[] firmwareVersion and int deviceIdentifier.

Listener Configuration Functions

void BrickletColorV2.setColorCallbackConfiguration(long period, boolean valueHasToChange)

The period in ms is the period with which the ColorListener listener is triggered periodically. A value of 0 turns the listener off.

If the value has to change-parameter is set to true, the listener is only triggered after the value has changed. If the value didn't change within the period, the listener is triggered immediately on change.

If it is set to false, the listener is continuously triggered with the period, independent of the value.

The default value is (0, false).

BrickletColorV2.ColorCallbackConfiguration BrickletColorV2.getColorCallbackConfiguration()

Returns the listener configuration as set by setColorCallbackConfiguration().

The returned object has the public member variables long period and boolean valueHasToChange.

void BrickletColorV2.setIlluminanceCallbackConfiguration(long period, boolean valueHasToChange, char option, long min, long max)

The period in ms is the period with which the IlluminanceListener listener is triggered periodically. A value of 0 turns the listener off.

If the value has to change-parameter is set to true, the listener is only triggered after the value has changed. If the value didn't change within the period, the listener is triggered immediately on change.

If it is set to false, the listener is continuously triggered with the period, independent of the value.

It is furthermore possible to constrain the listener with thresholds.

The option-parameter together with min/max sets a threshold for the IlluminanceListener listener.

The following options are possible:

Option Description
'x' Threshold is turned off
'o' Threshold is triggered when the value is outside the min and max values
'i' Threshold is triggered when the value is inside or equal to the min and max values
'<' Threshold is triggered when the value is smaller than the min value (max is ignored)
'>' Threshold is triggered when the value is greater than the min value (max is ignored)

If the option is set to 'x' (threshold turned off) the listener is triggered with the fixed period.

The default value is (0, false, 'x', 0, 0).

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OFF = 'x'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OUTSIDE = 'o'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_INSIDE = 'i'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_SMALLER = '<'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_GREATER = '>'
BrickletColorV2.IlluminanceCallbackConfiguration BrickletColorV2.getIlluminanceCallbackConfiguration()

Returns the listener configuration as set by setIlluminanceCallbackConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OFF = 'x'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OUTSIDE = 'o'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_INSIDE = 'i'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_SMALLER = '<'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_GREATER = '>'

The returned object has the public member variables long period, boolean valueHasToChange, char option, long min and long max.

void BrickletColorV2.setColorTemperatureCallbackConfiguration(long period, boolean valueHasToChange, char option, int min, int max)

The period in ms is the period with which the ColorTemperatureListener listener is triggered periodically. A value of 0 turns the listener off.

If the value has to change-parameter is set to true, the listener is only triggered after the value has changed. If the value didn't change within the period, the listener is triggered immediately on change.

If it is set to false, the listener is continuously triggered with the period, independent of the value.

It is furthermore possible to constrain the listener with thresholds.

The option-parameter together with min/max sets a threshold for the ColorTemperatureListener listener.

The following options are possible:

Option Description
'x' Threshold is turned off
'o' Threshold is triggered when the value is outside the min and max values
'i' Threshold is triggered when the value is inside or equal to the min and max values
'<' Threshold is triggered when the value is smaller than the min value (max is ignored)
'>' Threshold is triggered when the value is greater than the min value (max is ignored)

If the option is set to 'x' (threshold turned off) the listener is triggered with the fixed period.

The default value is (0, false, 'x', 0, 0).

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OFF = 'x'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OUTSIDE = 'o'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_INSIDE = 'i'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_SMALLER = '<'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_GREATER = '>'
BrickletColorV2.ColorTemperatureCallbackConfiguration BrickletColorV2.getColorTemperatureCallbackConfiguration()

Returns the listener configuration as set by setColorTemperatureCallbackConfiguration().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OFF = 'x'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_OUTSIDE = 'o'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_INSIDE = 'i'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_SMALLER = '<'
  • BrickletColorV2.THRESHOLD_OPTION_GREATER = '>'

The returned object has the public member variables long period, boolean valueHasToChange, char option, int min and int max.

Listeners

Listeners can be registered to receive time critical or recurring data from the device. The registration is done with add*Listener() functions of the device object.

The parameter is a listener class object, for example:

device.addExampleListener(new BrickletColorV2.ExampleListener() {
    public void property(int value) {
        System.out.println("Value: " + value);
    }
});

The available listener classes with inherent methods to be overwritten are described below. It is possible to add several listeners and to remove them with the corresponding remove*Listener() function.

Note

Using listeners for recurring events is always preferred compared to using getters. It will use less USB bandwidth and the latency will be a lot better, since there is no round trip time.

class BrickletColorV2.ColorListener()

This listener can be added with the addColorListener() function. An added listener can be removed with the removeColorListener() function.

void color(int r, int g, int b, int c)

This listener is triggered periodically with the period that is set by setColorCallbackConfiguration(). The parameter is the color of the sensor as RGBC.

The ColorListener listener is only triggered if the color has changed since the last triggering.

class BrickletColorV2.IlluminanceListener()

This listener can be added with the addIlluminanceListener() function. An added listener can be removed with the removeIlluminanceListener() function.

void illuminance(long illuminance)

This listener is triggered periodically according to the configuration set by setIlluminanceCallbackConfiguration().

The parameter is the same as getIlluminance().

class BrickletColorV2.ColorTemperatureListener()

This listener can be added with the addColorTemperatureListener() function. An added listener can be removed with the removeColorTemperatureListener() function.

void colorTemperature(int colorTemperature)

This listener is triggered periodically according to the configuration set by setColorTemperatureCallbackConfiguration().

The parameter is the same as getColorTemperature().

Constants

static final int BrickletColorV2.DEVICE_IDENTIFIER

This constant is used to identify a Color Bricklet 2.0.

The getIdentity() function and the IPConnection.EnumerateListener listener of the IP Connection have a deviceIdentifier parameter to specify the Brick's or Bricklet's type.

static final String BrickletColorV2.DEVICE_DISPLAY_NAME

This constant represents the human readable name of a Color Bricklet 2.0.