C# - Particulate Matter Bricklet

This is the description of the C# API bindings for the Particulate Matter Bricklet. General information and technical specifications for the Particulate Matter Bricklet are summarized in its hardware description.

An installation guide for the C# API bindings is part of their general description.

Examples

The example code below is Public Domain (CC0 1.0).

Simple

Download (ExampleSimple.cs)

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using System;
using Tinkerforge;

class Example
{
    private static string HOST = "localhost";
    private static int PORT = 4223;
    private static string UID = "XYZ"; // Change XYZ to the UID of your Particulate Matter Bricklet

    static void Main()
    {
        IPConnection ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
        BrickletParticulateMatter pm =
          new BrickletParticulateMatter(UID, ipcon); // Create device object

        ipcon.Connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
        // Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        // Get current PM concentration
        int pm10, pm25, pm100;
        pm.GetPMConcentration(out pm10, out pm25, out pm100);

        Console.WriteLine("PM 1.0: " + pm10 + " µg/m³");
        Console.WriteLine("PM 2.5: " + pm25 + " µg/m³");
        Console.WriteLine("PM 10.0: " + pm100 + " µg/m³");

        Console.WriteLine("Press enter to exit");
        Console.ReadLine();
        ipcon.Disconnect();
    }
}

Callback

Download (ExampleCallback.cs)

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using System;
using Tinkerforge;

class Example
{
    private static string HOST = "localhost";
    private static int PORT = 4223;
    private static string UID = "XYZ"; // Change XYZ to the UID of your Particulate Matter Bricklet

    // Callback function for PM concentration callback
    static void PMConcentrationCB(BrickletParticulateMatter sender, int pm10, int pm25,
                                  int pm100)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("PM 1.0: " + pm10 + " µg/m³");
        Console.WriteLine("PM 2.5: " + pm25 + " µg/m³");
        Console.WriteLine("PM 10.0: " + pm100 + " µg/m³");
        Console.WriteLine("");
    }

    static void Main()
    {
        IPConnection ipcon = new IPConnection(); // Create IP connection
        BrickletParticulateMatter pm =
          new BrickletParticulateMatter(UID, ipcon); // Create device object

        ipcon.Connect(HOST, PORT); // Connect to brickd
        // Don't use device before ipcon is connected

        // Register PM concentration callback to function PMConcentrationCB
        pm.PMConcentrationCallback += PMConcentrationCB;

        // Set period for PM concentration callback to 1s (1000ms)
        pm.SetPMConcentrationCallbackConfiguration(1000, false);

        Console.WriteLine("Press enter to exit");
        Console.ReadLine();
        ipcon.Disconnect();
    }
}

API

Generally, every method of the C# bindings that returns a value can throw a Tinkerforge.TimeoutException. This exception gets thrown if the device did not respond. If a cable based connection is used, it is unlikely that this exception gets thrown (assuming nobody plugs the device out). However, if a wireless connection is used, timeouts will occur if the distance to the device gets too big.

Since C# does not support multiple return values directly, we use the out keyword to return multiple values from a method.

The namespace for all Brick/Bricklet bindings and the IPConnection is Tinkerforge.*.

All methods listed below are thread-safe.

Basic Functions

public class BrickletParticulateMatter(String uid, IPConnection ipcon)

Creates an object with the unique device ID uid:

BrickletParticulateMatter particulateMatter = new BrickletParticulateMatter("YOUR_DEVICE_UID", ipcon);

This object can then be used after the IP Connection is connected (see examples above).

public void GetPMConcentration(out int pm10, out int pm25, out int pm100)

Returns the particulate matter concentration in µg/m³, broken down as:

  • PM1.0,
  • PM2.5 and
  • PM10.0.

If the sensor is disabled (see SetEnable()) then the last known good values from the sensor are returned.

public void GetPMCount(out int greater03um, out int greater05um, out int greater10um, out int greater25um, out int greater50um, out int greater100um)

Returns the number of particulates in 100 ml of air, broken down by their diameter:

  • greater 0.3µm,
  • greater 0.5µm,
  • greater 1.0µm,
  • greater 2.5µm,
  • greater 5.0µm and
  • greater 10.0µm.

If the sensor is disabled (see SetEnable()) then the last known good value from the sensor is returned.

Advanced Functions

public void SetEnable(bool enable)

Enables/Disables the fan and the laser diode of the sensors. The sensor is enabled by default.

The sensor takes about 30 seconds after it is enabled to settle and produce stable values.

The laser diode has a lifetime of about 8000 hours. If you want to measure in an interval with a long idle time (e.g. hourly) you should turn the laser diode off between the measurements.

public bool GetEnable()

Returns the state of the sensor as set by SetEnable().

public void GetSensorInfo(out byte sensorVersion, out byte lastErrorCode, out byte framingErrorCount, out byte checksumErrorCount)

Returns information about the sensor:

  • the sensor version number,
  • the last error code reported by the sensor (0 means no error) and
  • the number of framing and checksum errors that occurred in the communication with the sensor.
public byte[] GetAPIVersion()

Returns the version of the API definition (major, minor, revision) implemented by this API bindings. This is neither the release version of this API bindings nor does it tell you anything about the represented Brick or Bricklet.

public bool GetResponseExpected(byte functionId)

Returns the response expected flag for the function specified by the function ID parameter. It is true if the function is expected to send a response, false otherwise.

For getter functions this is enabled by default and cannot be disabled, because those functions will always send a response. For callback configuration functions it is enabled by default too, but can be disabled by SetResponseExpected(). For setter functions it is disabled by default and can be enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

See SetResponseExpected() for the list of function ID constants available for this function.

public void SetResponseExpected(byte functionId, bool responseExpected)

Changes the response expected flag of the function specified by the function ID parameter. This flag can only be changed for setter (default value: false) and callback configuration functions (default value: true). For getter functions it is always enabled.

Enabling the response expected flag for a setter function allows to detect timeouts and other error conditions calls of this setter as well. The device will then send a response for this purpose. If this flag is disabled for a setter function then no response is send and errors are silently ignored, because they cannot be detected.

The following function ID constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletParticulateMatter.FUNCTION_SET_ENABLE = 3
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.FUNCTION_SET_PM_CONCENTRATION_CALLBACK_CONFIGURATION = 6
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.FUNCTION_SET_PM_COUNT_CALLBACK_CONFIGURATION = 8
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.FUNCTION_SET_WRITE_FIRMWARE_POINTER = 237
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.FUNCTION_SET_STATUS_LED_CONFIG = 239
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.FUNCTION_RESET = 243
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.FUNCTION_WRITE_UID = 248
public void SetResponseExpectedAll(bool responseExpected)

Changes the response expected flag for all setter and callback configuration functions of this device at once.

public void GetSPITFPErrorCount(out long errorCountAckChecksum, out long errorCountMessageChecksum, out long errorCountFrame, out long errorCountOverflow)

Returns the error count for the communication between Brick and Bricklet.

The errors are divided into

  • ACK checksum errors,
  • message checksum errors,
  • framing errors and
  • overflow errors.

The errors counts are for errors that occur on the Bricklet side. All Bricks have a similar function that returns the errors on the Brick side.

public byte SetBootloaderMode(byte mode)

Sets the bootloader mode and returns the status after the requested mode change was instigated.

You can change from bootloader mode to firmware mode and vice versa. A change from bootloader mode to firmware mode will only take place if the entry function, device identifier and CRC are present and correct.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 2
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 3
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_ERASE_AND_REBOOT = 4
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_OK = 0
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_INVALID_MODE = 1
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_NO_CHANGE = 2
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_ENTRY_FUNCTION_NOT_PRESENT = 3
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_DEVICE_IDENTIFIER_INCORRECT = 4
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_STATUS_CRC_MISMATCH = 5
public byte GetBootloaderMode()

Returns the current bootloader mode, see SetBootloaderMode().

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER = 0
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE = 1
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_MODE_BOOTLOADER_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 2
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_REBOOT = 3
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.BOOTLOADER_MODE_FIRMWARE_WAIT_FOR_ERASE_AND_REBOOT = 4
public void SetWriteFirmwarePointer(long pointer)

Sets the firmware pointer for WriteFirmware(). The pointer has to be increased by chunks of size 64. The data is written to flash every 4 chunks (which equals to one page of size 256).

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

public byte WriteFirmware(byte[] data)

Writes 64 Bytes of firmware at the position as written by SetWriteFirmwarePointer() before. The firmware is written to flash every 4 chunks.

You can only write firmware in bootloader mode.

This function is used by Brick Viewer during flashing. It should not be necessary to call it in a normal user program.

public void SetStatusLEDConfig(byte config)

Sets the status LED configuration. By default the LED shows communication traffic between Brick and Bricklet, it flickers once for every 10 received data packets.

You can also turn the LED permanently on/off or show a heartbeat.

If the Bricklet is in bootloader mode, the LED is will show heartbeat by default.

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletParticulateMatter.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_STATUS = 3
public byte GetStatusLEDConfig()

Returns the configuration as set by SetStatusLEDConfig()

The following constants are available for this function:

  • BrickletParticulateMatter.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_OFF = 0
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_ON = 1
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_HEARTBEAT = 2
  • BrickletParticulateMatter.STATUS_LED_CONFIG_SHOW_STATUS = 3
public short GetChipTemperature()

Returns the temperature in °C as measured inside the microcontroller. The value returned is not the ambient temperature!

The temperature is only proportional to the real temperature and it has bad accuracy. Practically it is only useful as an indicator for temperature changes.

public void Reset()

Calling this function will reset the Bricklet. All configurations will be lost.

After a reset you have to create new device objects, calling functions on the existing ones will result in undefined behavior!

public void WriteUID(long uid)

Writes a new UID into flash. If you want to set a new UID you have to decode the Base58 encoded UID string into an integer first.

We recommend that you use Brick Viewer to change the UID.

public long ReadUID()

Returns the current UID as an integer. Encode as Base58 to get the usual string version.

public void GetIdentity(out string uid, out string connectedUid, out char position, out byte[] hardwareVersion, out byte[] firmwareVersion, out int deviceIdentifier)

Returns the UID, the UID where the Bricklet is connected to, the position, the hardware and firmware version as well as the device identifier.

The position can be 'a', 'b', 'c' or 'd'.

The device identifier numbers can be found here. There is also a constant for the device identifier of this Bricklet.

Callback Configuration Functions

public void SetPMConcentrationCallbackConfiguration(long period, bool valueHasToChange)

The period in ms is the period with which the PMConcentrationCallback callback is triggered periodically. A value of 0 turns the callback off.

If the value has to change-parameter is set to true, the callback is only triggered after the value has changed. If the value didn't change within the period, the callback is triggered immediately on change.

If it is set to false, the callback is continuously triggered with the period, independent of the value.

The default value is (0, false).

public void GetPMConcentrationCallbackConfiguration(out long period, out bool valueHasToChange)

Returns the callback configuration as set by SetPMConcentrationCallbackConfiguration().

public void SetPMCountCallbackConfiguration(long period, bool valueHasToChange)

The period in ms is the period with which the PMCountCallback callback is triggered periodically. A value of 0 turns the callback off.

If the value has to change-parameter is set to true, the callback is only triggered after the value has changed. If the value didn't change within the period, the callback is triggered immediately on change.

If it is set to false, the callback is continuously triggered with the period, independent of the value.

The default value is (0, false).

public void GetPMCountCallbackConfiguration(out long period, out bool valueHasToChange)

Returns the callback configuration as set by SetPMCountCallbackConfiguration().

Callbacks

Callbacks can be registered to receive time critical or recurring data from the device. The registration is done by appending your callback handler to the corresponding event:

void MyCallback(BrickletParticulateMatter sender, int value)
{
    System.Console.WriteLine("Value: " + value);
}

particulateMatter.ExampleCallback += MyCallback;

The available events are described below.

Note

Using callbacks for recurring events is always preferred compared to using getters. It will use less USB bandwidth and the latency will be a lot better, since there is no round trip time.

public event PMConcentrationCallback(BrickletParticulateMatter sender, int pm10, int pm25, int pm100)

This callback is triggered periodically according to the configuration set by SetPMConcentrationCallbackConfiguration().

The parameters are the same as GetPMConcentration().

public event PMCountCallback(BrickletParticulateMatter sender, int greater03um, int greater05um, int greater10um, int greater25um, int greater50um, int greater100um)

This callback is triggered periodically according to the configuration set by SetPMCountCallbackConfiguration().

The parameters are the same as GetPMCount().

Constants

public int DEVICE_IDENTIFIER

This constant is used to identify a Particulate Matter Bricklet.

The GetIdentity() function and the EnumerateCallback callback of the IP Connection have a deviceIdentifier parameter to specify the Brick's or Bricklet's type.

public string DEVICE_DISPLAY_NAME

This constant represents the human readable name of a Particulate Matter Bricklet.